India is the 2nd largest rice producer and the largest exporter of rice worldwide. Rice Production in India expanded from 53.6 million tons in FY 1980 to 120 million tons in FY 2020-21. Rice is one of the main grains of India. Additionally, this nation has the most significant region under rice development as it is one of the chief food crops. India comes under the leading rice producing states. Rice is the essential food crop, and being a tropical plant, it quickly grows in a humid and hot environment.
So, we come here with this blog where you can get the Top 10 Rice Producing States in India. Have a look down below.
Types of Rice in India
Rice is a large part of India’s eating routine for different reasons. The main explanation is that rice gives energy to the body. Aside from this, rice is likewise solid and loaded with minerals that satisfy the body’s day to day necessities. So now is the ideal time to investigate more into the rice world and taste your ordinary staple in another structure! Every assortment of rice has a novel taste, fragrance, and properties and is used for making various kinds of dishes.
Want to know the type of rice in India?
There are 20 different varieties of rice in India, which includes the following.
- Brown Rice
- Basmati Rice
- Jasmine Rice
- Mogra Rice
- Bamboo Rice
- Wild Rice
- Black Rice
- Red Rice
- Red Cargo Rice
- Indrayani Rice
- White Rice
- Sushi Rice
- Purple Thai Rice
- Bomba Rice
- Glutinous Rice or Sticky Rice
- Arborio Rice
- Valencia Rice
- Sona Masuri
- Samba Rice
- Rosematta Rice
Do you want to know where is rice grown in India? Check out below.
10 Rice Producing States in India
Right now, the more significant part of India’s leading producer of rice is fundamentally situated in states like Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Bihar. These biggest rice producing states hold around 72% of India’s absolute rice producing region and offer over 75% of the all out rice production in the country. Following, we will show you the top rice growing states in India.
1. West Bengal
West Bengal has the highest production of rice in India. Close to half of its arable land is under rice cultivation. In 2020, rice production in West Bengal was 15.57 million tons. After that, however, West Bengal rice growth vacillated significantly. It is the largest rice producing state, with a yield of 2600 kg for every hectare. That is why farmers develop rice in little pieces of the lower Gangetic fields, particularly in Bardhaman, Midnapore, Birbhum, 24 Parganas, etc. Thus, this state is the largest producer of rice in India.
2. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh comes 2nd in this list of the largest producer of paddy in India. In 2020, rice production for Uttar Pradesh was 15.52 million tons. After that, however, Uttar Pradesh rice growth vacillated significantly. Around 25% of the developed area of the state is given to rice production. Likewise, Muzaffarnagar, Bareilly, Gorakhpur, Faizabad, Lakhimpur Kheri, Barabanki and others are the major rice producing states. In Uttar Pradesh, you will find Panth-4, Jaya, Mahsuri, Kasturi Basmati Rice and Pusa Basmati Rice. Farmers likewise develop rice in the space of 59 hectares in Uttar Pradesh.
Punjab also comes under the leading producer of rice in India. This State has brought 5.62 lakh hectares region under direct cultivation of rice (DSR) this year, which is the most elevated ever in the state to date, and it is an increment of 62,000 hectares from last year’s DSR region. All locales have recorded between 10% to 46 per cent DSR area of all out rice development, separately, except Ludhiana region where just 7.4 per cent region could be brought under DSR. The territory of Punjab positions third with a growth of 12 million tons of rice consistently. Punjab is likewise famous for Basmati rice development, like Ranbir Basmati, Mahi Sugandha, Pusa Basmati and Ranbir Basmati.
Rice is produced in 28 regions of Tamil Nadu. Out of which 27 regions are highly productive, one region is under low efficiency. Triennium normal area of high efficiency group (yield over 2,500 kg/ha) containing 27 regions was 20.56 lakh hectares. On the other hand, the triennium average efficiency of a highly productive group containing 27 regions was 3,623 kg/ha against the 3,494 kg/ha triennium average productivity of the State. The different varieties grown in Tamil Nadu include Aravan Kuruva, Amsipiti Dhan, Aduthurai, Ambasamudram and Akshayadhan.
5. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh stands out at 5th in the list of the major producer of rice in India. In 2020, rice creation for Andhra Pradesh was 8.64 million tons. Rice production in Andhra Pradesh expanded from 7.45 million tons in 2017 to 8.64 million tons in 2020, developing at an average yearly pace of 5.13%. In Andhra Pradesh, 22 major rice growing areas in India. Krishna East, Godavari and West Godavari are additionally the biggest rice producing regions of India. Samba Madhuri, Samael, Sashari, Sarvani are broadly found in the territory of Andhra Pradesh. This state has the most rice production in India state wise.
Rice is grown in 37 areas of Bihar. Out of this, 25 regions fall under the low productivity region, representing 63% of 36.57 lakh hectares of the whole region under rice in the state. On the other hand, just a single locale falls under a high efficiency region, for example yielding more than 2,500 kg/ha. In winter, this state develops Dhanalakshmi, Gautam, Richhariya, Saroj rice, while during summer Gautam Pusa-33, CR 44-35 (Saket-4), Pusa-2-21, Prabhat (90 days term just) are grown.
Chhattisgarh is known for the ‘rice bowl of India’. The territory of this state produces 61 MLT of rice and ranks seventh. Farmers have 2000 varieties of rice here. The varieties are Turia Kabri, Chudi paddy, Lal Dhan, Red bangle paddy, chiefly in the state. Hence, Chhattisgarh comes under the list of the major rice producing states in India.
Rice in Odisha is inseparable from food, as is cultivation with rice. Rice covers around 69% of the developed region, covering around 63% region under food grains. Odisha positions are eighth in rice production with 5% of the total rice production. In Odisha, they grow rice under a broad scope of climatic circumstances and various environments. Thus, Odisha stands out in the list of the largest rice producing states in India.
In Assam, rice is the main harvest. It covers 2.54 million ha of the state’s gross trimmed area of 4.16 million ha and records 96% of the state all out food grain creation. The rice yield in Assam is more than 1700 kilograms for every hectare. Rice development in Assam is notable for its wide hereditary variety. Hence, it also comes under the highest rice producing state in India.
Rice is produced in 18 regions of Haryana. Out of which seven areas are in a high efficiency region, or at least yield above 2,500 kg/ha. The triennium typical region of these seven areas was 5.15 lakh hectares, which was 48% of the triennium normal region (10.73 lakh hectares) under rice in the State. So, Haryana is the last on the list of top rice producing states in India.
Interesting Facts About Rice in India
- All rice grows as brown rice.
- The more significant part of the world consumes rice as a staple food.
- Rice requires more development than corn and wheat.
- Farmers order rice as per the type and variety.
- The Guinness World Records has a record for the biggest bowl of rice.
These are all about major rice producing states in India. I hope you get to know the states where rice is grown in India. For more information about rice cultivation states, stay connected with Tractor Junction.