“Duck Farming Business Project Report is an essential document to get subsidies and loans.”
Several farmers are doing profitable duck farming business for subsidiary income. Due to minimum investment, the marginal farmers are also doing it along with crop farming. They rear ducks to get eggs and meat from them. Because duck eggs and meat are high in proteins and vitamins, both products have a vast market demand. That’s why many people thrive on duck farming in India, a worldwide agricultural country. Nowadays, you can get Livestock Online easily. Moreover, at present, the trend of people is being seen more towards duck farming than poultry farming.
How to Start Duck Farming Business
If we talk about duck farming, then in India, it comes after chicken poultry farming. People who keep ducks get a good income from their eggs and meat. Even the cost of duck farming is much less than that of poultry.
We call duck an aquatic organism, and for this reason, some people believe that ducks can be reared only if there is a proper arrangement of water for them in a puddle or pond. But this is not the case because you can do duck rearing without even arranging water. You can easily rear them inside your home or under a shed.
Steps to Start Duck Farming Business
Overall, you can do duck farming on the lines of poultry farming. If you are keeping ducks in such a place where there is no water at all, then in such a situation, the ability to conceive does not develop in the eggs laid by the ducks. Therefore, if you want to raise ducks from their eggs, then the system of water is mandatory.
1. Farm Area
The farm area depends on the number of ducks you want to rear. It can be massive in size if you start a commercial duck farm or small if you will rear 200 ducks.
2. Breed Selection
Now, the second step is to decide whether you need ducks for meat or eggs. According to this, you should choose a breed, which one you want to rear.
Finally, you should calculate the overall investment, including capital and operational costs. In this, you should calculate the costs of land, housing, feeding, equipment, ducklings, medicines, etc.
Duck Farming Guide for Beginners
Duck Farming is a profitable business in India. And if you are a beginner in duck rearing, don’t worry. We will tell you everything about duck rearing in this blog. So, there are three systems of duck rearing.
Backyard system: In this system, farmers use the bamboo basket, which is inexpensive. When they collect the eggs, they allow ducks to feed on open ground and even play around a water source.
Extensive System: Farmers collect eggs in the morning in this system. And they allow ducks to feed in any paddy field and play in any wild water source.
Intensive System: In this rearing system, the ducks are allowed to feed on standard rations during the daytime. After that, ducks are free to play around a water source. The system is also called the stall-fed raising system.
Apart from this, the farmers raise ducks according to the modern way, organic way, etc. So, let’s see them.
( A ) Modern Duck Farming
Modern duck farming is a way to rear ducks with the help of contemporary technology and methods. In this, farmers use machines for cleaning, feeding and other things. Even they replace the water of the artificial pond with technology so that ducks can be kept healthier.
( B ) Organic Duck Farming
Organic Duck Farming in India is a process to rear ducks without using chemicals or inorganic things. In this, farmers keep ducks in a manner where they can more freely. Also, farmers provide organic feed to them. It leads to the natural life circle of the ducks. That’s why ducks remain healthy and lay healthy eggs.
Duck Varieties in India
There are more than 100 duck varieties in India. We are briefing 5 of them in the following section.
Khaki Campbell: The Khaki Campbell is a domestic duck breed from England. This breed was developed in the 20th century in Uley, Gloucestershire, England. Moreover, this variety was introduced in 1901 to the public.
Nageswari: The local name of the Nageswari variety is Nagi due to its head being high like snake posture. It has a white posture in the neck, which extend up to the breast. Moreover, the eggs of this breed are also bluish tinge.
Indian Runner: Indian Runner is a domestic breed of Anas Platyrhynchos Domesticus. It can stand erect like a penguin, and it can also run rather than waddle. The female duck of this breed can lay about 300 to 350 eggs in a year. It can be the best breed for duck layer farming.
Chara Chemballi: Chara Chemballi ducks are native to Kerala state of India. These ducks can lay about 150 to 200 eggs in a year. The egg weighs around 61 grams.
Pekin: Pekin is a multi-purpose duck breed. And pekin duck farming is also profitable as farmers raise it for both meat as well as egg. Due to its docile and affectionate behaviour, we can raise it along with chickens. And white pekin duck farming can give you more profit.
Apart from these, there are several more varieties of ducks, including Aylesbury, Muscovy, Rouen, Cayuga, Duclair, Golden Cascade, Pomeranian, Swedish Blue, Saxony, Silver Appleyard, Bali, etc.
Advantages of Duck Farming
Why should we go for duck farming? Well, there are many benefits of duck farming. And duck is raised to a good level for egg and meat production. Check out the benefits of duck farming in the below section.
There is no need to provide you with expensive shelter, and ducks can even survive in huts made of locally available materials. Because of this benefit, we can build duck houses from low-cost materials.
Care and Management:
As we said earlier, these are hardy birds and can be raised under any adverse conditions. Therefore, women and older people can manage the duck farm without any problem. And it requires less daily care and management than any other poultry bird.
Taking care of egg collection:
You can expect the eggs to be laid only in the morning and night or, in some cases, during the day. So, the egg collection does not require special attention.
Ducks need less space and have a shorter brooding time. And ducks grow faster than other birds. Hence they occupy less space.
are hardy and disease-resistant birds. You can see very few diseases in poultry duck farming.
Ducks can feed on any food. So, you do not need to buy expensive bait. They like to eat bugs, snails, fungi, and kitchen waste like vegetables and rice. Also, nutritious foods like corn, legumes and other grains increase egg size and production. In addition, ducks can also feed on land as well as in the water. For example, in India, ducks are fed in the post-harvest paddy fields, where they feed themselves on paddy grains. And it leads to excellent egg production.
Ducks are wonderful birds for clearing bugs and snails.
The main advantage of duck farming is that they lay eggs for a long time, and you find a low mortality rate in ducks.
There is a massive demand for duck eggs, especially in rural areas. After chicken meat, people also eat duck meat. Therefore, commercial duck farming is a profitable venture with a proper duck farming business plan.
Local Employment Creation:
You need permanent and seasonal labour if you plan for a commercial duck farming business. However, it does not require any skilled labour, which helps improve the poor’s livelihood.
Commercial Duck Farming Business
Commercial duck farming is very easy and profitable. It is also easy to manage the business. Moreover, ducks can survive on agricultural wastes, swamps and marshy areas. Even they can survive in places where no crops can grow.
Duck Farming Loan and Subsidy
To open a duck poultry farm, the government provides business loans and subsidies through NABARD. Apart from this, loans are also offered by various banks. Its details are as follows-
- The government provides up to 90% subsidy on loans for duck poultry farming.
- There is a subsidy of up to 75% on loans for the people under the general and OBC categories.
- The subsidy is up to 90% for the SC and ST categories persons.
Duck Poultry Loan by SBI
The State Bank of India gives duck poultry farm loans under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana. The information related to this is as follows-
- Interest rate – starting from 10.75%
- Type Loan – Agriculture Term Loan
- Loan amount – up to Rs 10 lakh
- Loan repayment period – 3 to 5 years
- As surety – not mandatory
- Processing fee – 0.50% on more than 50 thousand.
But you have to keep a duck farming project report in your hand before applying for a loan. It is a mandatory document for getting a loan from the bank. So, let’s know how to make it.
Duck Farming Project Report
As we have told you about the Goat Farming Project Report in our earlier blog, now we are with the Duck Farming Project Report. So, let’s start.
Duck farming is far easier than other businesses of livestock rearing. But if you still have any problems, you can take duck farming training from the training centres. We are here to tell you about a project report for one of the domestic duck breeds, Khaki Campbell. We are here with 200 ducks and 40 drakes for rearing. Apart from this, you can also practice small scale duck farming.
Duck Farming in India is a more profitable business than poultry farming. In India, you can see it in Assam, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, and Telangana. Also, you can get a loan under subsidy from the bank by making a detailed duck farming project report. So, let’s start to know how to make it.
Project Report For (200 + 40) Ducks
|Growing period before laying.||5 months|
|Laying period.||From 6 to 30 months(2 years)|
|Egg production in 1st year.||300 eggs/duck|
|Egg production in the 2nd year.||250 eggs/duck|
|Mortality rate (Growing period).||5%|
|Mortality rate (Laying period).||10%|
|Breeding composition.||1 drake & 8 duck|
|Cost of feed.||Rs 25/kg|
|Selling price of eggs.||Rs 10/egg|
|Selling price of culled duck.||Rs 100/duck|
|Salvage value of duck (1st year).||Rs 250/duck|
|Supplementary feeding (growing period).||100 gms/duckling/for 5 months|
|Supplementary feeding (laying period).||50 gms/duck|
These assumptions are the fundamental values to make any project report. We will use them in our project report. Let’s calculate the capital cost so that we can see the economics of duck farming.
2. Capital Cost
|Item||Cost (In Rs.)|
|Shed Construction (1.5 sq. Ft. / duck) for 240 duck @ Rs. 220/sq. Ft.||79200|
|Layer Pen Construction (3.00 sq. Ft. / duck) for 200 duck @ Rs.300/sq. Ft.||180000|
|Equipments (Feeder, Waterer, Egg-laying Boxes, buckets etc.) @ Rs. 25/ duck for 240 duck||6000|
|Borewell with pump||100000|
|Total Capital Cost||399700|
Our assumed capital cost is Rs 399700. Now, we will calculate the expenditure cost.
|Item||1st year||2nd year||3rd year||4th year||5th year|
|Cost of day-old ducklings for 252 @ Rs.26||6552||–||6552||–||6552|
|Supplementary feed for 5 months (0.1 kg/ bird/day) for 240 @ Rs.25||90000||–||90000||–||90000|
|Supplementary feed for 7 month 0.05 kg/ bird/ day for 240 ducks||63000||63000||63000||63000||63000|
|Insurance for 1.5 year for 240 @Rs.2.25/duck||540||–||540||–||540|
|Veterinary Aid & other miscellaneous charges for 240@Rs.25 / duck||6000||–||6000||–||6000|
|Electricity @ Rs.5000 per month||6000||6000||6000||6000||6000|
|Total Expenditure Cost (5 years)||Rs. 618000|
The total Project cost = Capital Cost + Expenditure Cost (399700 + 618000) = Rs. 1017700 only.
Now we have total expenses for 5 years. So, let’s calculate the earnings so that we can calculate profit from duck farming.
|Item||1st year||2nd year||3rd year||4th year||5th year|
|hatching eggs sale @300eggs/duck/year for 200 duck @Rs.10/egg||(Laying for 4 months)
|Sale of culled duck @Rs.150/duck for 200 duck||–||–||30000||–||30000|
|Closing stock @90% of 200 duck for sale @Rs. 250/duck||–||–||–||–||45000|
|Total Income for 5 years||Rs. 2505000|
Key points for the table
- In the first year, the eggs are laid only for 4 months.
- In third-year, eggs are laid for 4 months by new ducks and 6 months by old ducks. And it is the same for the 5fth year.
Now, we have both Total expenses as well as Total income. So, it is time to find total profit for 5 years.
Total Duck farming profit = Total Earnings – Total Expenses
Duck farming profit = 2505000 – 1017700
Total Profit = Rs. 1487300 only.
Note: It was the sample of a project report for duck farming. So, it can’t be used for your business purpose as the values can be different in different places. Thank you for reading!
Now I want to ask you a question, is duck farming profitable? What are you thinking about? Write your answer in the comment box.
Livestock Categories in India
Tractor Junction is the most prominent platform to get livestock online in India. Here you can see different livestock categories, including Buffalo, Cow, Goat, Bull, Horse, etc. The price range for livestock starts from Rs 1000+ on our website. Moreover, you can filter them according to your state on our livestock page. We have moreF filters for the customers’ convenience, including Gender and with cub. So, visit Tractor Junction and find other project reports like Buffalo Farming Project Report, etc.
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