Do you want to know about Intensive farming? Scroll a bit and get all about it.
Intensive farming in India is a type of agriculture that requires a suitable process to show maximum output. Agriculture farming is practiced in two types, intensive farming and extensive farming. And we are here to discuss all intensive farming, including definition, differences, areas, features, advantages and characteristics. So, stay with us to know everything regarding intensive agriculture.
Intensive farming uses highly advanced agricultural tools and methods to raise crop production. It takes high labour and capital to show the highest crop yield per acre of land. Therefore, intensive agriculture is suitable to meet the economies of scale.
What is Intensive Farming in India?
Intensive farming is a type of agriculture where many crops are grown in a small land with the help of sizable manual labour. Also, for producing quality crops, farmers add fertilizers and pesticides. By this farming, farmers can improve the soil quality.
Moreover, Intensive farming is a method in which crops can grow with intensive use of pesticides, fertilizer, and other production inputs. This method helps the farmers to improve agriculture production. It is the latest technique of farming that helps to increase yield and productivity. In addition, the method aims to maximize output from a particular land.
Intensive vs Extensive Farming
In the following table, you can easily get differences between intensive and extensive farming.
Intensive farming – In this type of agriculture, farmers cultivate the crop in small farms to get maximum outputs. Also, they grow more than one crop in the same field.
Extensive farming – Farmers use large farms to cultivate crops in extensive agriculture. In this, the labour is low as it uses machines in place of labour.
|It takes considerable labour and production material in a small land.
|In a large land, this farming uses advanced machines.
|This farming is done in mainly densely populated areas.
|This farming is practised in less populated areas.
|It requires large output per hectare
|It requires small output per hectare
|The main crop of intensive farming is rice, wheat and others.
|The main crop of Extensive farming is sugarcane and more.
Intensive Farming States in India
Check out below the intensive farming practiced states in India.
- Paddy or Rice Crops – Tamil Nadu, Kerala, West Bengal and coastal area Andhra Pradesh.
- Oilseeds, Soya-Bean, Pulses, Millets, Maize, and Wheat – Haryana, Western Uttar Pradesh and Punjab.
Characteristics Features of Intensive Farming in India
Following, we are presenting features of intensive farming in India. Have a look down below.
- Lack of Modern Technology
- Dependence on Climate
- High Productivity
- Emphasis on Multiple Cropping
- Smaller Farm Size
- Low Per Capita Output
- Low Marketability
- Emphasis on Cereal
Intensive Farming Advantages in India
Check out below some benefits of Intensive farming in India.
High yield – In Intensive farming, high yield is guaranteed. Items like meat, milk, fish, eggs and grains are highly demanded in contemporary markets like cafés and general stores. Fulfilling the market requests has just been feasible through Intensive Farming.
Variety of Food – Intensive cultivation, for the most part, centers around mass food creation in a particular food harvest or animal production. It prompts more assortment of nourishment for human utilization. Additionally, Intensive cultivation requires a great deal of work, capital, and assets, making it more functional to just zero in on one production region.
Highly Efficient – The farmers produce more gain by maximizing production on a small land. The necessities for equipment, space and different inputs are less contrasted with the food produced per unit, and it is more efficient and reasonable.
Affordable prices of food have considerably helped take care of the world’s hunger issue. The people can consequently take a nutritious and adjusted diet.
Intensive Farming Techniques
Different types of intensive farming techniques written below.
Factory incentive farming is another agriculture method in which livestock farming is in confinement. In this method, animals are raised for meat, milk and eggs for commercial use. However, animals are always kept in closed confined areas such as cages and crates. So, the poor living conditions make animals’ life span short.
The cultivation of fish, algae, shellfish, etc., done in aquaculture incentive farming. In this cultivation, the process of breeding, raising, and harvesting fish and aquatic plants done. These farming marine animals include algae, molluscs, crustaceans and more with aquatic plants. It involves an advanced system and proper caring for successful cultivation for productive underwater yields. Along with this, octopuses also included in aquaculture intensive farming.
Intensive farming also used in supplying livestock as it aims to get maximum output from the available land. Under this technique, food grown in large quantities with the aid of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Eggs, meat, and other agricultural products widely produced using this modern farming method. The term livestock refers to individual animals that have no choice but to survive on farms.
Intensive animal husbandry occurs within concentrated animal feed operations, also known as factory farms, and is a tremendous tragic site. Some species such as cows, pigs, chickens and sheep are common targets for intensive handling, with many species kept indoors throughout their lives. It can keep animals in small enclosures with controlled temperature levels. This minimizes the energy required for speed and temperature regulation and therefore also maximizes their size and yield. In addition, antibiotics given in their food to prevent diseases.
For enhancing productivity the developed nation, the Intensive crop farming method used. In this advanced method of farming, industrialized production of crops referred to. It includes excellent farm implements, updated technology, marketing skills for high output consumption and trade globally. Apart from this, Mono-cropping is also part of intensive plant agriculture.
So, we hope now you have got the point of what intensive cultivation is and how you can do it. For more information regarding farm management, farming news and others, stay tuned with Tractor Junction.