India is the 3rd largest producer of greenhouse gases in the world. And they are presenting to almost ⅕ to the national total. The country’s priority is to reduce emissions as much as possible in the coming years. The outcomes from this study can help the nation take incredible steps towards its objectives. Nonetheless, these environmental change relief advantages can work assuming that farmers take up the new practices, some of which require an investment. Government approaches and motivators will be vital to assist farmers, guarantee wide-scale reception of these alleviation choices, and help India meet its food security. Below, we are showing complete information on greenhouse farming in India.
According to current data, India could decrease its greenhouse gas substance release from agriculture by around 18% through the reception of alleviation measures. Scientists say three further developed cultivating practices would represent the more significant part of these discharge decreases: productive compost utilisation, better watering the board in rice growing, and zero culturing. Firstly check out the meaning of horticulture greenhouse farming.
What is Greenhouse Farming?
A Greenhouse is an outlined construction covered with material and huge enough to develop crops under incomplete or completely controlled natural conditions to get ideal development and usefulness. Greenhouse farming technology is the method of giving good natural conditions to the plants.
The greenhouse farming business plan is worldwide the quickest developing area. It is a goldmine that offers the most productive business openings. The utilization of the nursery is fundamentally for creating non seasonal and seasonal crops, for the development of top notch blossoms, vegetables, and the arrangement of a nursery arranged by tissue culture. Now, look at some advantages of greenhouse farming.
Benefits of Greenhouse Farming
Following, we are going to show the greenhouse farming advantages. Have a look.
- Greenhouse organic farming can increase crop production. You can establish the ideal environment conditions required for plant development and develop more plants per square foot than developing agriculture in an open field.
- The structure keeps animals and birds away, reducing the risk of crop damage.
- A study said that benefits per crop per square foot could be a few times as large when executing organic farming in a greenhouse rather than open-field agribusiness. In addition, by using assets more effectively, you make less waste, which can convert into more significant benefits.
- The encased space can be confined to just the entire staff, and fewer individuals going in and out implies a lesser danger of bringing undesirable components near the plants. In addition, it permits you to separate issues.
- Greenhouse vegetable farming is a generally free environment controlled space, permitting the developing yields throughout the entire year rather than just occasionally. Indeed, even in the cruel winter cold or extreme summer heat, crops can develop.
- Outside conditions don’t affect plants, and the greenhouse vegetable farming’s ensured climate gives a protected and stable condition.
Types of Greenhouse Farming
There are various types of greenhouse organic farming available depending on shape, material, ventilation and construction. Every greenhouse vertical farming type has its own benefit. These can be done according to the suitability and needs of the farmers. Check out below the list.
Types According to The Shape
- Sawtooth type
- Ground to ground
- Interlocking ridges
- Even span type
- Uneven span type
- Ridge and furrow type
Types According to The Material
- Plastic greenhouse
- Glass greenhouse
Types According to The Ventilation
- Natural Ventilation
- Climate Control (Pad Polyhouses & Fan)
Types According to The Construction
- Pipe Framed
- Wooden Framed
What is Polyhouse Farming in India?
We are providing some polyhouse farming information, check out. Polyhouse is a type of Greenhouse farming, where a specific polythene sheet used to cover material under which the crops are grown to some extent or wholly controlled climatic conditions. The greenhouse farming developed on wooden casings where the glass used as a cladding material. Now the question arises, Is polyhouse farming profitable? Polyhouse cultivation is 100 per cent productive whenever done the correct way, but developing a Polyhouse can be costly. Building a Polyhouse business can run into not many crores of rupees, although Polyhouse farming subsidies reduce some burden for the farmers.
Polyhouse Farming Benefits
- Crop grown under a controlled environment which minimises the changes of damage or loss.
- You don’t have to wait for a particular season to grow crops, you can grow throughout the year.
- Less insects and pests.
- High quality production
- 5 to 10 times increased yield.
Difference Between Greenhouse Farming and Polyhouse Farming
Polyhouse farming is a smaller concept than greenhouse farming. Its costs are less than greenhouse organic farming. Since polyhouse cultivation is a kind of indoor farming, it accompanies large numbers of similar advantages, for example, restricting insects, all year developing, greater yields and making it simpler to be 100 percent natural. Polyhouses are less expensive to begin with. However, long-lasting designs like greenhouses are not.
Greenhouse Farming Vs Polyhouse Farming
How to Start Greenhouse Farming in India
Commercial greenhouse farming demands heavy equipment, raw material, infrastructure, and labour, which requires huge investment. And, if you want to earn profit, you need to have a good knowledge about economics, technical and marketing. Therefore, you should take training before starting your own business in this field. If you are planning to create an organic greenhouse farming business, you must follow the following steps to smoothen the process and earn more money. Have a look.
- First of all, it requires a lot of research about the greenhouse business.
- Second, you have to apply for a bank loan as it takes an initial investment.
- Next step, you have to apply for a subsidy for greenhouse farming provided by the government.
- After that, you need to practice and train in this field for a clear picture.
- Before starting a business, you should consider plant orders.
- Now, you have to place an order for a structure to a greenhouse construction company.
- Lastly, you have to do marketing about it.
Most Productive Greenhouse Farming States in India
Check out below the top most productive green farming states in India.
Karnataka is the most popular greenhouse farming state in India. And, greenhouse farming in karnataka is a part of the KRISHI BHAGYA PROGRAMME of the local government. Almost all the vegetables are grown in Karnataka greenhouse. Other than this, greenhouse farming in Gujarat, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Bihar, Kerala and Haryana is done too.
Profitable Greenhouse Farming Crops
The most suitable crops for vertical greenhouse farming are Cucumbers, String beans, Chili peppers, Tomatoes, Spinach, Microgreens, Peppers, Melons, Peas, Sweet corn, Leeks, Baby carrots, Broccoli, Pumpkins, Garlic, Herbs, Squash, Swiss chard, Kale, Zucchini, Strawberries, Grapes, Lettuce, Raspberries, Mushrooms, Ginseng, Bamboo and other Citrus fruits like oranges, lime and lemons.
Crops Suitable for Greenhouse Farming
We know greenhouse farming demands are getting high and require huge investment. People love to purchase vegetables grown locally, either in greenhouses or gardens. But, unfortunately, most of what we have available in stores has spent many days in transit before reaching the brackets. Many crops are suitable for greenhouse farming, but we concentrate on delicate crops. You want to choose crops that will overgrow, and you can get more than one harvest from them.
1. Sweet corn
Corn grows phenomenally well in greenhouses, and one advantage is that you will not have to worry about damage from birds or squirrels. In addition, it is safe inside a conservatory, and there will be no need to worry about solid winds taking it down.
It is an excellent crop to plant and sell from your greenhouse. There are many types of cucumber available, and they go very well vertically. They also produce for long times.
3. Baby carrots
Baby carrots are in demand in most shops. However, it works well even in greenhouses without too much soil depth. In addition, baby carrots do not take a long time to mature.
Pumpkins are an excellent greenhouse crop, but you have to train them to develop in the direction you want. And with the help of a greenhouse, it produces an organic crop.
Spinach is a healthy and profitable crop. It overgrows, and when cut down, it just grows back. So you can sell spinach in the market at a huge profit.
Tomatoes are easy to grow, and there are hundreds of tomato types. Plants are prolific growers that reward you with pounds of fruit per plant. In addition, because of greenhouse farming, crops can grow organic and healthy.
The chances are endless when it comes to your choices for growing herbs. You can quickly go with classics like thyme, mint, rosemary, and basil or branch out a bit into medicinal herbs like calendula, chamomile, ginger, and many more in the greenhouse.
Garlic is not the hard stuff at the local grocery store, and Since you plant it and leave it until harvest, it is maintenance-free. As a result, garlic always sells well at any time of the year.
9. String beans
String beans are the easiest crops to grow. They grow vertically and take up virtually less space. It can be harvested by planting every week or two.
Squash like acorn or spaghetti is easy to grow and gather in various sizes. These always sell well for farmers but require more room than other crops, so greenhouse farming is best for these types of crops.
Greenhouse Farming Subsidy in India
Following, we are showing a pattern of greenhouse subsidy in India.
- NHB (National Horticulture Board) grants 50% subsidy on 112 lakh maximum project ceiling per beneficiary.
- GAIC (Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation) grants a greenhouse farming subsidy in Gujarat of 6% up to 4 lakh on interest on loans.
- NHM (National Horticulture Mission) gives a subsidy of 50% up to 50 Lakhs maximum limit.
- With this, every state provides an additional subsidy under the name SHM (State Horticulture Mission), which gives 15 – 25 % subsidy on the amount of 50% granted by NHM.
NHM Norms for Subsidy
- On up to area 500 sq – Rs 1650 per Sq. m
- More than 500 Sq. m up to 1008 Sq. M – Rs 1465 per Sq. M
- More than 1008 Sq. M up to 2080 Sq. m – Rs 1420
Training in Greenhouse Farming in India
Check out the following some popular institutes for greenhouse farming training in India.
- Indian Council of Agricultural Research – Krishi Bhavan, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi 110001
- Govind Greenhouse Pvt Ltd – Shubham Complex, Shop no. 20, Chakan Road Talegaon, Taluka Maval, Vatan Nagar, Pune 410507
- NIPHT Horticulture Training Center – N. 398-400, Next to CRPF Campus, Pune-Mumbai Highway 410506
- University of Agricultural Sciences – Farmers Training Institutes (FTI) – GKVK, Bangalore 560065
- Institute of Horticulture Technology – D-1 Krishna Apra Building, 3rd Floor, Apra Commercial Belt, Greater Noida 201308
- All India Organic Farming Society – SCO-170, 1st Floor, Red Square Market, Hisar 125001
This is the complete detailed information about Greenhouse Farming in India. I hope you get all the answers to your questions. For more information, you have to stay tuned with Tractor Junction. Here, you can get all the information about small scale greenhouse farming and others. Get all the updates regarding a subsidy for greenhouse farming by daily news with us.