Hello farmers, today, we will talk about organic farming in India, and it includes types, methods, and advantages. Through this blog, farmers can understand organic farming in India.
In recent times, some people are putting their life at risk with harmful pesticides and fertilizers. Population growth is a major problem in India. By population growth, the need for food is growing. To fulfill the need for food production, using chemical fertilizers, toxic pesticides, and hybrids. From which the human health and nature are being adversely affected. Organic Farming is the only way to protect ourselves and nature from deadly chemicals.
Organic farming is not a new process of farming. Organic farming in India is an agricultural method that aims to grow crops to keep the soil alive. And in good health using organic waste, waste crops, animal and farm waste, aquatic waste, and other organic materials.
What is Organic Farming in India
Organic farming in India is an agricultural process, uses pest control derived from organic manure and animal or plant waste. This farming started to respond to the environmental suffering caused by chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. It is a new system of agriculture that repairs, maintains, and improves the ecological balance. Organic farming uses organic inputs, green manures, cow dung, etc.
Principles of Organic Farming in India
Organic agriculture grows and develops with these principles. These can contribute to improving organic agriculture for the world.
There are four principles of organic farming are as follow:-
- Principles of Health – The health of the ecosystem, people, and communities.
- The Principles of Ecology – The right balance between ecosystem and environment or nature.
- Principles of Fairness – Good human relationships and quality of life.
- Principles of Care – The considerations about the environment and environment of the future.
Types of Organic Farming
Organic farming are two types:-
(a) Pure organic farming – In pure organic farming, there is avoiding every unnatural chemical. In the process of pure farming, fertilizer and pesticides obtain from natural sources. It is called a pure form of organic farming.
(b) Integrated organic farming – Integrated organic farming consists of integrated nutrients management and integrated pest management.
Frequently Asked Questions For Organic Farming in India
In India, approx 2.78 million hectare area is covered by organic agriculture. Some major organic products grown in India are oilseeds, tea, coffee, dried fruits, millets, cereals, spices, etc. These products are highly produced in India and exported by India. Sikkim, Uttarakhand, and Tripura are the major states to cultivate organic products in India. Other states for organic farming are Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Maharashtra.
Techniques of Organic farming
There are some techniques by which organic farming in India practiced:-
1. Soil Management
Soil management is the primary technique of organic farming in India. After cultivation, soil loses its nutrients, and its fertilizer goes down. The process in which soil is recharging with all the necessary nutrients called soil management. Organic farming uses natural ways to increase the fertility of the soil. It uses bacteria, available in animal waste. The bacteria helps in making the soil more productive and fertile.
2. Weed Management
Organic farming’s main aim is to remove the weeds. Weeds are the unwanted plant, growing with the crop. Weeds Sticking with nutrients of the soil affected the production of the crops.
There are two techniques which give a solution to the weed.
- Moving or cutting – In this process, cut the weed.
- Mulching – In this process, farmers use a plastic film or plant to residue on the soil’s surface to block the weed’s growth.
3. Crop Diversity
According to this technique, different crops can cultivate together to meet the growing demand for crops.
4. Chemical Management in Farming
Agricultural farms contain useful and harmful organisms that affect farms. To save crops and soil, the growth of organisms needs to be controlled. In this process, natural or fewer chemicals, herbicides, and pesticides used to protect soil and crops. Proper maintenance is required throughout the area to control other organisms.
5. Biological Pest Control
In this method, use living organisms to control pests with or without the use of chemicals.
Advantages of Organic Farming
- Organic farming in India is very economical, it uses no expensive fertilizers, pesticides, HYV seeds for the plantation of crops. It has no expenses.
- With the use of cheaper and local inputs, a farmer can earn a good return on investment.
- There is a huge demand for organic products in India and worldwide and can earn more income through export.
- Organic products are more nutritional, tasty, and good for health to chemical and fertilizer utilized products.
- Organic farming in India is very environment friendly, it does not use fertilizers and chemicals.
These are some benefits of Organic Farming, which proves organic farming is profitable for everyone.
Disadvantages of Organic Farming
- Organic farming in India has fewer choices, and off-season crops are limited.
- Organic agricultural products are low in the early years. Farmers find it difficult to accommodate mass production.
- The main disadvantage of organic farming is the lack of marketing of the products and Inadequate infrastructure.
These are the information about Organic Farming in India with types, methods, and advantages. We hope you enjoy this blog.
For more information, stay tuned with TractorJunction.