Hello guys, we are here with a crucial topic, Types of Irrigation in India. Proper irrigation is the soul of agriculture. For getting a healthy crop, farmers have to irrigate their land in the right way. Here we give you complete information about Irrigation System, types of irrigation in India, methods and their importance.
We know that water is fundamental. An excessive number of us believe it’s limitless. Now water is a limited asset that quickly turns out to be scant. In India, a warming environment is evaporating lakes and waterways, fast urbanization and water contamination are coming down on the amount and nature of surface and groundwater. The country’s delicate agriculture structure relies principally on precipitation, and a terrible storm season can sink into the public economy.
What is Irrigation Farming?
Irrigation systems are unnaturally applying water to plants, rainfall is not properly adequate to maintain crops. It is most commonly utilized in locales where rainfall is inadequate. Plants need water to survive and grow, it helps bring supplements into their frameworks, permitting them to photosynthesize.
The water system’s ancient uses date back to around 6000 B.C.E. in Egypt and Mesopotamia, rainfall and flooding were normal. Conventional techniques for agricultural irrigation included digging canals, utilizing a pulley framework and utilizing water wheels to supply water from streams to the crops. These practices were modest and straightforward to keep up with, irrigation farming for water systems is not possible to utilize any longer. They are tedious, work intensive, and produce artificial rain. Check out below the Uses of Water in Farming.
What are the sources of Irrigation in India?
We are showing you agriculture and irrigation sources in India. Check it out below.
- Groundwater from Wells – 16%
- Tube Wells – 46%
- Canals – 24%
- Tanks – 3%
- Other sources (Rain, Rivers, Pounds, Drainage, Surface Water, Municipal Water and others) – 11%
Different Methods of Irrigation
Want to know, what are the methods of irrigation? Mainly, the irrigation process prepared for future advancement in the agriculture field. As innovative technologies launched, farmers encountered higher harvest yields and better growth quality. More current strategies for a system of irrigation are helpful where they support single crop methods of irrigation. This is the modern method of irrigation. Let’s move on to the importance of irrigation.
Do you want to know how many methods of irrigation? There are two different types of irrigation systems for agriculture in India are follows.
- Traditional Method
- Modern Method
Now, we are describing these two methods deeply for your understanding. Have a look.
1. Traditional Irrigation
India has been a farming country. Data shows that over half of the labour force is occupied with different types of farming. India is one of the main exporters of oats, dry fruits and natural grain products. India has regularly confronted obstacles such low harvest yield, unfavorable harvests, rainstorms, and others these benefits.
Traditional approaches for Irrigation have overcome the majority of these issues. These old Irrigation strategies are not yet outdated. India’s farmers utilize these techniques to guarantee appropriate seed germination, a better yield of harvests and speedy development of food crops. Traditional irrigation is known organic farming irrigation.
There are 4 types of traditional irrigation systems, which are follows.
1. Check Basin Method
This strategy is an irrigation system type that relies upon water accessibility. The cultivating land is separated into various sectors associated with a small drain. Water is stored at the highest place of the land. From that point, these channels start. This type of traditional Irrigation has been around for a long time.
2. Strip Irrigation Method
The farming land is separated into various strips. Such strips are isolated by ‘med’. The length of each strip relies on the land’s point of slope to an area of supply. Such a technique requires minimum labor and investment.
3. Furrow Irrigation
Whenever crops are filled in columns, furrow Irrigation proves to be useful. It expected to be used in cultivation. This type can prompt better Irrigation of bigger pieces of land.
4. Basin Irrigation
This traditional irrigation strategy isn’t utilized for developing yields. A raised stage, normally made of mud or cement, is made extremely near these trees. Channels are dug with the goal that they can get water.
2. Modern Irrigation
The strategy of artificial irrigation in areas with insufficient rainfall known the Modern irrigation system. It is the strategy of providing water through pumps, tubes, and sprays. Irrigation often utilized in regions where rainfall is problematic or where droughts are regular. Water is equitably scattered across the field using various irrigation system procedures. This water supply process can emerge from an assortment of sources. It includes groundwater springs or wells, surface water means of lakes, rivers or reservoirs, and, treated wastewater.
There are 4 types of modern irrigation systems, which are follows.
1. Surface Irrigation
The surface water system represents an enormous gathering of water system strategies where water dispersed by gravity over the outer layer of the field.
2. Sprinkler Irrigation
Sprinkler water system is a technique for applying irrigation system water like regular precipitation. Water circulated through lines as a rule by a pipe. It splashed out of sight through sprinklers with the goal that it separates into tiny water drops which tumble to the ground.
3. Drip Irrigation
Drip Irrigation system is a procedure wherein water courses through a channel into unique drip pipes, with producers situated at various disperses. Water circulated through the producers straightforwardly into the soil close to the roots through a fantastic drip delivery gadget.
4. Subsurface Irrigation
Subsurface Irrigation systems, assigned a sub irrigation system, include a water system to crops by applying water from underneath. The soil surface by developing channels or introducing underground tile lines or punctured pipelines.
Importance of Irrigation in Agriculture
We are showing benefits of irrigation for agriculture. Have a look down below.
- Irrigated land is more useful compare to unirrigated land. Crop yields are higher in watered regions in comparison with rainfed areas.
- Farming disturbed with insufficient, inadequate or uncertain rainfall. Proper irrigation processes can get continuous agribusiness.
- Seeds can’t fill in dry soil as dampness is essential for the germination of seeds. With an irrigation system, the necessary soil dampness content for seed development can guaranteed.
- It is feasible to supply the necessary measure of oxygen and hydrogen through the irrigation process, which is significant for the appropriate advancement of plant roots.
- Various planting in a year is conceivable through the irrigation process. This will improve growth and usefulness. In various areas of India, a few harvests in a year developed with an irrigation system.
- A plant can retain mineral supplements from the watered soil. The irrigation system is fundamental for the development of the plant.
- Inadequate rainfall may cause famines and drought. This type of irrigation can assume a defensive part in the dry season and starvation.
- Bringing more land under production is conceivable through the irrigation system.
Difference Between Traditional and Modern Method of Irrigation
Check out below, the difference between types of irrigation methods.
|Old methods of farming.
|Advanced methods of farming.
|Production rate is low.
|Production rate is high.
|Environmentally friendly method.
|Not an environmentally friendly method.
|Wooden tool equipment, Bullock carts and others are used.
|Advanced tools and tractors are used.
|As fertilizers, natural manure is used.
|Pesticides and chemical fertilizers are used.
These are complete information about what is irrigation system and what are the Types of Agricultural Water Use. I hope you got all the answers after reading this blog. For more information, keep in touch with Tractor Junction.
Frequently Asked Questions
Qes. Why is irrigation necessary?
Ans. The irrigation system helps to maintain landscapes, revegetate disturbed soils, and grow crops in dry regions and not exactly normal precipitation.
Que. What are the types of irrigation?
Ans. There are 2 different types of irrigation systems in India, i.e Traditional method and Modern Irrigation Method.
Que. What is the irrigation?
Ans. Uses of Water in Farming controlled measures of water to land to aid the development of crops and develop landscape plants and yards, which known s irrigation.
Que. Which is the most irrigation state in India?
Ans. Punjab is the most irrigation state in India with 98.8% of farm land under irrigation.
Que. Which Crop in India has maximum area under irrigation?
Ans. Rice in India has maximum area under irrigation.
Que. Which country has the most irrigation land area?
Ans. China, India, the United States, and Pakistan have the most irrigation land area. F