Grape Farming in India – Cultivation, Uses & Varieties

Grape Farming in India - Cultivation, Uses & Varieties

Grape farming is the most demanding agribusiness in India. Want to know why? Visit this blog!

Grapes are the most popular fruit in the World. This tasty and healthy fruit has a special place among the people. Grapes are the most demanding fruit in summers, they are juicy and healthy. This delicious fruit helps to maintain our pH level. It is available in many colours and many varieties. 

Learn more about grape farms and grape farming

About Grapes Fruit & Grape Farming

The grape is the main crop grown in the World. It is developed to make wines and raisin readiness and afterwards a table fresh fruit. Along with this scientific name of grapes is Vitis and belongs to the Family Vitaceae family. Grape development is accepted to have started close to the Caspian Sea; Indians know grapes from Roman occasions. The region under grapes in India is around 40,000 hectares, circulated essentially in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Maharashtra is the major state where grapes are grown

Origin Of Grapes 

The viticulture is believed to have originated in Armenia near the Caspian Sea in Russia, from where it spread westward to Europe and east to Iran and Afghanistan. Grapes were brought to India in 1300 AD by invaders from Iran and Afghanistan.

Grape Farming Facts 

Grape Farming Facts

Grape Production in India

India is listed in the top 10 grape-producing countries in the World. The major producers of grapes are Italy, France, Spain, the USA, Turkey, China and Argentina. The fruit ranks fifth among fruit crops in India with a production of 1.21 million tonnes (about 2% of the World’s production of 57.40 million tonnes) from an area of 0.05 million hectares. In 2001-02. The area under grape farming in India is 1.2% of the country’s total area under fruit crops. The total fruit production in the country is 2.8%. About 80% of the production comes from Maharashtra, followed by Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Grape Production in India

Grape Production State i n India  2017-2018
Sr. No.  States  Production (Tonnes)  Share (%) 
1. Maharashtra 2,286.44 78.30
2. Karnataka 524.20 17.95
3. Tamil Nadu 58.93 2.02
4. Mizoram 18.00 0.62
5. Andhra Pradesh 15.92 0.55
6. Punjab 8.23 0.28
7. Telangana 5.27 0.18
8. Madhya Pradesh 1.28 0.04
9. Jammu & Kashmir 0.89 0.03
10. Nagaland 0.54 0.02
11. Kerala 0.18 0.01
12. Himachal Pradesh 0.13 0.00
13.  Haryana 0.09 0.00 

Season of Grape Growing

Season of Grape Growing-compressed

Grape growing is the most lucrative farming in India. Grapes agriculture is known as Viticulture. Generally, grapes are grown in India from October onwards till January. Spring is the season of grapes because this season is favourable for grape production in India. Once in a while, the planting of grapes is done during June-July where the rainstorm is late. Monsoon planting is kept away predominantly for keeping away from infections on youthful development. 

For planting N-S direction, the trenches opened. The size of the tranches might be 60 to 75 cm Profound wide. Then, these trenches loaded up with FYM, natural fertilizers, natural blends, neem cakes, and so on. Separating for planting is kept up with relying upon soil type, assortment and strategy for preparing. The distance between two columns might be 2 to 3 m while the distance between plants inside a line will be half of that, accommodating plants from 2000 to 5000 for each hectare. 

Climatic Requirement For Grape Plantation

The ideal environment for grape crop development is the Mediterranean environment. Right at home, the plants grow and produce during the hot and dry time. Under South Indian conditions – plants have vegetative development from April to September and the subsequent fruiting period from October to March. Grape farming requires temperatures above 100℃ to 400℃ to impact the yield and quality. High humidity and cloudy weather conditions welcome numerous parasitic illnesses, other than bringing down the TSS: Acid proportion.

Soil Requirement 

The plant of grapes broadly taken on different soil conditions; however, the yield and quality reach the most elevated on excellent fertile soils with pH 6.5 to 8.5, natural carbon above 1.0%, liberated from lime, and a medium water holding limit. Early, however, medium yields with high TSS are harvested on medium kinds of soils. 

Cultivation Of Grapes

Cultivation Of Grapes

How to cultivate grapes or how to grow grapes is a common question that people widely ask, so for them, this section is the perfect stop. Following are the grapes cultivation methods:- 

Grapes Plantation

Check out the answer to how to plant grapes

Grapes cultivation is rapidly increasing in India because of its high demand. The fruits are cultivated with soil varieties and three definite weather conditions. It is a commercial fruit of South India. Grape cultivation is perhaps the most rewarding and productive development in India. In Indian grapes, dry sticks are removed, which is classified as “growth pruning.” 

In the long period of September and October, the horticulture work comes to a standstill. When the grapes are full to bear organic produce from February to April, re-cutting the poles requires challenging. It is interesting to see that some creative farmers made specific improvements in the two prunings. By doing this, they get production in December-January, increasing the cost of their produce by collecting the crops before the season.

Grapes Irrigation 

Grapes farming is completely watered, enduring harvest and consistently irrigated. For a flood water system, 5-7 days during summer, 8-10 days during winter and 15-20 days during the windy season – interval is maintained while for a water system, 40-50 L; 30-40, 20-30 L of water each day per plant, water applied.

Grapes Farm Harvesting 

In North India, the plants start bearing fruit after two years of planting. Berries begin to ripen in early varieties from the end of May. However, most varieties harvest when they change colour near the tip and become sweet. One day before harvesting, broken, rotten, deformed, undersized berries were removed. The bunches are usually harvested in the early hours when the temperature rises above 200 °C.

Yield varies according to climate conditions, variety etc. The average. Anab-e-Shahi and Bangalore Blue yield is 40-50 t/ha, while seedless varieties are 20 t/ha. The average yield is 20-25 t/ha, considered good.

Grape Varieties In India

Grape Varieties In India

Here, we are going to discuss some varieties of grape production in India. 

1. Thompson Seedless 

Thompson Seedless 

The first variety on the list of Indian grapes varieties is Thompson Seedless. Sultana assortment of seedless grapes is called Thompson Seedless in the US. The light green oval shape grapes India are exceptionally common in India, and their raisins are eaten as snack food in India. Thompson Seedless is the primary and most grown grape in Northern India alongside Pandhari Sahebi, Beauty Seedless and Black Hamburg. In a grape farm, this variety is widely grown. 

2. Bangalore Blue, Karnataka

Bangalore Blue, Karnataka

The second Grape variety on the list is Bangalore blue. Apart from the Thompson Seedless variety, Bangalore blue is famous among the people. This variety is widely cultivated in the Karnataka state. This variety is used to make jams and jellies. These blue grapes have a special identity among the people because of their taste. They keep your body hydrated in rough summers. I suggest, if you have never tasted this fruit, then try it once.  

3. Anab-e-Shahi, Andhra Pradesh

Anab-e-Shahi, Andhra Pradesh

The third grape on the list is Anab-e-Shahi. The history of grapes is very old, dating back to about 1900. Grapes of this variety are consumed raw and in the form of juice. An-e-Shahi grapes are grown in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, etc. This variety is initially produced in AP and later cultivated in other states. The seeds and skin of the fruit have a lot of nutritional value, which keeps the body healthy. The shape of the grape is elongated, and the seeds are white. However, due to the high market demand for Sultana, this grape variety will become extinct in the coming future.

4. Dilkhush Grapes

Dilkhush Grapes

The fourth Grape variety on the list is Dilkhush Grapes. This grape variety is considered a clone of Anab-e-shahi, like sultana grapes. Dilkhush grapes have a spicy taste, and the warm summer days of March and April are the best season to grow them. Karnataka ranks first in its production, along with many other states. This type of grapes is famous for raw consumption or table purpose.

5. Sharad Seedless Grapes 

Sharad Seedless Grapes 

The fifth variety on the list is Sharad seedless. This grape variety is available in black and purple colours. It has good sweetness and is available in bright colours. Sharad seedless grapes have high vitamin A, C and B6, making them the health-friendly fruit in India. This grape variety is highly grown in the country’s northern parts, and Mumbai is the centre grape-growing city in India. The months of December and February are best for the cultivation of Sharad Seedless grapes. Its taste and health properties, this delicious fruit is in great demand in foreign markets.

Importance Of Grapes

Health Benefits Of Grapes:- 

  • Packed With Nutrients such as Vitamin C & K
  • High Antioxidant of grapes, preventing Chronic Diseases
  • Plant Compounds of Grape, protecting against specific types of cancer
  • Profitable for heart health 
  • Reduce cholesterol
  • Decrease blood sugar levels
  • Protect against diabetes

Uses Of Grapes:-  

There are a lot of uses of grapes, some of them are mentioned below for grape lovers. 

Wine 

Wine 

Grapes are used for fermentation into wine. 

Shake 

Shake 

Grapes are used to making shakes that are easy to prepare. 

Ice Cream 

Ice Cream 

The creamy, soft, and yummy grape ice cream is made with only three ingredients: grape, fresh cream, honey, or sugar.

Juice 

Juice 

Tasty and healthy juice made with grapes. 

Grape Pie

Grape Pie

Grape pie is a type of fruit pie made from Concord grape. 

Angur Chaat 

Angur Chaat 

Grape chaat is a type of fruit chaat made from grapes. 

These are the variety of grapes, and we hope you get all the relevant information about grapes, a grape farm and their uses. To get information about implements for grape cultivation in India, please visit Tractor Junction. Here, you get detailed information about grape cultivation technologies and many others. 

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