Aloe vera is the most profitable farming worldwide. It is used in different sectors, such as the medical industry, cosmetic industry, food industry, and many more.
The aloe vera cultivation needs less water & maintenance. It is a medicinal plant used to treat different health conditions. Aloe vera farming is cost-effective farming that provides a high profit. It is also available in capsule and liquid form.
What is Aloe Vera?
Aloe Vera is the most popular plant in Indian used to treat many conditions. It is derived from the Latin word Vera which means true. Aloe Vera is the true synonym of the word medicine. It has a 420 different plant species.
Now, let’s see what’s inside aloe vera…
Aloe Vera is a plant that consists of many minerals, vitamins and other active elements that provides numerous health benefits. Every leaf of aloe vera contains three layers. It has an inner gel that comprises 99% of water, and other parts formed of vitamins, sterols, glucomannans, amino acids, and lipids. The middle part made of latex, which has a yellow sap comprises anthraquinones and glycosides. And last, the outer layer has 15 to 20 cells. Their work is to protect the innermost part and with that they carbohydrates and synthesizes proteins. In aloe vera leaves, you can get 160 essential elements.
Aloe Vera filled with vitamins A, C, and E, which are important antioxidants. It is an immunity booster and is important for the growth of bones, blood, and teeth. Aloe vera is an anti ageing formula that can be used to protect the body cells from premature ageing. It comprises many more vitamins B1, B2, B6, and B12 that are best for the detoxification.
- Polysaccharides and Monosaccharide
It contains anti xylose, mannose, glucose, galacturonic acid, arabinose, galactose, cellulose, and aldopentose. Others are anti inflammatory, antiviral, antimycotic, antibacterial, and immune stimulating.
Aloe vera has qualities of enzymes that are carboxypeptidase, lipase, cellulose, catalase, peroxidase, alkaline phosphatase, liaise, bradykinase, and amylase. These help to reduce inflammation when applied on the skin.
It has hormones too, that are auxins and gibberellins. These hormones heal the wounds faster. These have anti inflammatory properties too.
- Essential oils
Aloe vera filled with essential oils which are anti inflammatory and antibacterial. Others include tannic acid and salicylic acid.
Guidelines For Aloe Vera Farming in India
The following blog information about aloe vera farming. It also brings aloe vera farming guide & benefits. The blog also covers the cultivation practices of aloe vera.
- Climate required for Aloe Vera Production
Aloe Vera comes under a warm tropical crop, and it can grow in different climate conditions. It easily cultivated in dry regions, low rainfall areas and in warm, humid conditions. Aloe vera plant is sensitive in severe cold conditions. This plant is best to grow in low rainfall areas, and aloe vera can’t be grown in cold areas.
- Soil Required for Aloe Vera Plantation
Aloe Vera can be produced on various kinds of soils. It is best to produce where the pH range of soil is upto 8.5. This plant is suitable to grow in black cotton soils. Aloe Vera is best to produce in the soil that is salty in nature.
1. Cultivation of Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera is a popular medicinal plant, belonging to the Liliaceae family. It is a perennial plant, and has 1½ – 2½ ft in height. The leaves of aloe vera are thick, long, and juicy. The process of growing aloe vera is called “Phyllotaxy.” Both sides of the leaves have a throne structure with a throne tip. The inner substance of leaves is a jelly with a bad odor and bitter taste. The leaf’s length ranges from 25-30 cm while the breadth ranges from 3-5 cm. For aloe vera cultivation many different types of implements are used such as tractors, cultivators, harrow, digger, and many more.
2. Plant Nutrients Application
Applied about 8-10 tonnes FYM/ha (farmyard manure/hectare) before the land preparation. 35 kg N (nitrogen), 70 kg P 20 5, Potassium Humate Shiny Flax (K20 10 %) per hectare added before the last plowing. 35-40 kg N applied in September-October month and if organic matter is high in the soil, then reduced N drops. 350-400 kg Neem Cake/ ha applied for controlling termites.
3. Aloe Vera Plant Protection
Aloe vera plants needed special care because the juice is directly taken from the leaves and used as medicine. All the leaves are affected by various insects and pests. For protection, the plant needs clean cultivation, regularly based irrigation, and application of organic manure. The use of organic sources is another tip for plant protection.
4. Aloe Vera Yield ( Harvesting)
Start harvesting after 7-8 months of planting. Use a knife for harvesting. Proper care reduces the loss of juice from cutting the portion. October-November is the best month for harvesting.
Climate for Aloe Vera Farming
As we know, climate is an important factor for agriculture. For growing aloe vera plants, farmers need rainfall conditions or hot climates. Meaning the crop needs a high rainfall climate and hot, humid conditions.
The plant of aloe vera is well grown in bright sunlight. With high sunlight, hot humid and high rainfall provide high growth in aloe vera agriculture. For plant cultivation, high drained land and 1000-1200 mm rainfall is the ideal cultivation and biggest reason for the highest growth of aloe vera.
All kinds of soil are perfect for aloe vera farming. Well-drained soil with high organic matter highly suitable for farming. Due to the shady condition, the disease infestation is very sensitive to water stability.
Uses of Aloe Vera
It is a widely used medicinal plant worldwide for the various purposes these plants are used. From burn healing to oral health is suitable for different uses. In the below section, we are showing major utilization of aloe vera. Have a look.
Aloe Vera is suitable for burns due to its moisturizing, cooling, and soothing properties. Bruning experts also suggest aloe vera for burnt skin. If burning is sunburn or another mild burn, then apply aloe vera, and if severe burn, then take medical advice or help before applying.
Digestive Health Improved
Aloe Vera utilization is good for digestive health. It improves digestive health and helps to cure & soothe stomach elements. It stops the growth of H. pylori bacteria, which is the main cause of bad digestion. But the most important thing before using aloe vera is taking medical advice because some aloe plants may be poisonous.
Perfect For Oral Health
Aloe vera mouthwash or toothpaste is perfect for oral health. The antioxidants of aloe vera are to remove plaque and improve oral hygiene. It hasn’t any side effects and showed overall oral health. The plant reduces mouth odor and keeps the mouth fresh and smell free.
Take Care for Skin
For skin-care, aloe vera is widely used, for different skin problems are solved using aloe vera. For the face and skin, aloe vera uses. It is used for dry skin, acne, scrub, and sensitive skin. For summer or winter, it is the best choice of all skin types. It cares for the skin’s epithelial cells. That is why medical experts mostly recommend to reduce the tan and treat stretch marks & sunburn.
Benefits of Aloe Vera
- Mainly aloe vera is beneficial for skin-care. This medical plant is perfect for all types of skins.
- For acne, aloe is the best and profitable choice.
- It has antioxidants and anti-bacterial properties.
- Aloe vera reduced body weight.
- It reduced hair fall.
- It is perfect for sunburns.
- The medical plant is profitable for heart-burn, lower blood sugar, and wound healing.
- It reduced side effects and health risks.
Which Country Produces The Most Aloe Vera?
According to the region-wise, Thailand is the largest producer of Aloe Vera. Besides, the south-north American region, India, USA, China, South Africa, Sri Lanka is the aloe vera producing country in the World.
Aloe Vera Producing States in India
Popular aloe vera producing states in India is
- Andhra Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
Aloe Vera Cultivation Profit in India
The total Profit of aloe vera farming per hectare in India is Rs. 4,72,000. And the total aloe vera cultivation profit per acre is about Rs. 2,00,000.
Different Names of Aloe Vera in India
In different languages, aloe vera is called by various names. Here we show local names of aloe vera in India.
- Musambar, Gwarpatha & Ghikanwar – Hindi
- Korphad – Marathi
- Kalabandha – Telugu
- Chirrukattalai – Tamil
- Lolisara – Kannada
- Kattawazha – Malayalam
- Kumari – Sanskrit
- Ghrithakumari – Bengali
- Kunwar – Gujarathi
- Kumari & Mushabora – Oriya
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