Farming is the process of working the ground, planting seeds, and growing good to eat plants. The hardest work of a farmer is to loosen the soil so farmers use cultivator to loosen the soil, it eases their work.
The basic applications used in farming are as follows. ploughing of soil, sowing, adding manure and fertilizers, irrigation, harvesting and storage.
Why cultivation is important?
Farmers use cultivators for ploughing to loosen the upper surface of the soil, also used for removing unwanted plants from land and also used for distributing the equal amount of fertilizer in each part of the land.
So now Tractorjuntion is going to tell you about the functioning of cultivator, So the basic use of cultivator is to improve the quality of the soil before seeding it, as we all know that the condition of the soil is very bad before the cultivation and in that environment, the seeds can’t be planted in soil. There are many advantages of cultivating your field before planting seeds such as it increases the fertility of soil, increases the production of crops and growing healthy crop is the motive of every farmer so that they can earn money in good amount.
Land cultivation methods
So basically there are two methods of cultivation widely used by farmers for increasing their production on land and they are as follows.
1. Extensive Cultivation:- In extensive cultivation, farmers use a large number of lands, which are cultivated with very less amount of capital and labour and the amount of output her hector is produced is relatively less than intensive cultivation.
2. Intensive Cultivation:- Intensive Cultivation is just opposite of extensive cultivation, farmers use more amount of capital, labour and advanced technologies to increase their productivity and there hard is also successful because the output is relatively huge.
5 Uses of cultivator
- Soil inflate
The most important work or a cultivator is to loosen the surface of soil and break the hard lumps on the surface with the help of cultivator metal tines.
This also helps in getting soil healthy by spreading the nutrients in every corner of the field; it also helps in proper distribution of fertilizers and yes for best results use the cultivator when the soil is properly dry and not wet.
Cultivator is best for distribution of organic compost and synthetic fertilizers which help in feeding the plants roots in the fields.
It mixes all the fertilizers into the field, which helps them to grow healthier and faster it also prevents the wastage of fertilizer mix-up when we distribute it with hands it get washed away wind and rain so use cultivator to prevent this.
- Weed control
When we grow the crop some unwanted plants also grow with the useful crop, so the process of removing the unwanted plants from the fields is known as weeding process. Cultivator helps in removing the unwanted plants from the fields.
- Better productivity
By using cultivator for loosening the soil on the fields, it promises improved productivity of the crops and it also ensures the increased value of the land.
It mix-up the fertilizers so well which helps plants to grow healthier and faster, also increases the profits of the farmers in comparison of previous time now a day’s many farmers are using cultivators for ploughing because of the increased productivity of the crops.
- Reduce manpower
If we talk about the ancient time most of the farmers were doing the ploughing by themselves and it results in less productivity, more manpower and more quantity of fertilizers were also consumed on fields but the results were not so good on base of the power is consumed.
But now in modern farming farmers use cultivator for ploughing which helps them to increase productivity and profits, also helps in the reduction of manpower on the fields.
Various types of cultivators
These are the list of various kinds of cultivators farmers use for ploughing:-
- Spring Tyne Cultivator
- Rigid Tine Cultivator
- Rigid Tyne Shovel Type Cultivator
- Bar Point Cultivator
Top 5 Cultivator in India
Following are the top 5 cultivator in India:-
The cultivator model comes with 35-65 HP implement power. The cultivator machine is powerful, strong, and robust and efficiently handles all the farming and haulage applications. Precision in work as it is simple to operate and quick to adjust and save time. The tool is designed to break rugged land and mix crop residue. Mahindra cultivator has three special models: Rigid 9 tyne tiller, Rigid 11 tyne tiller, and Rigid 13 tyne tiller. The loadability capacity of models is 65, 70, and 70.
As per the name, it is a heavy-duty rigid cultivator model which efficiently completes all the heavy cultivation applications. It has 30-55 implement power consisting of strong 3-models including BEHDRC-7, BEHDRC-9, and BEHDRC-11. The tyne spacing is 228 MM (9″). The cultivator model has 7, 9, and 11 no. of tyne. The cultivator machine is versatile, reliable, durable, and safe, attracting all the cultivator users. The sharp tyne easily handles all hard soil and field conditions with any extra effort. The machine is affordable and strong.
The universal Bharat spring loaded cultivator is the most powerful and robust model perfect for hard fields. The machine has 20-55 hp implement power which makes it strong and potent for cultivation operation. The cultivator machine offers 4-strong models named 5 TYNE, 7 TYNE, 9 TYNE, and 11 TYNE. The farm machine is reliable, versatile, powerful, and efficient, which attracts all the farmers. It has an M 12X 35 MM (High Tensile) frame bolt. The machine is economical and cost-effective, which is suitable for all users.
Universal medium duty spring loaded cultivator is another best cultivator machine that completes all the medium-duty operations. The machine’s implementing power is 20-55 hp, including 5 TYNE, 7 TYNE, 9 TYNE, and 11 TYNE. These models can efficiently perform all the cultivator and tillage operators. The machine has sharp blades and tyne which handle all the hard soil. Medium Duty Spring Loaded Cultivator has a strong body and sharp tyne which handle all the hard soil.
Soil Master CT-1300 (10 Feet) is one of the best cultivator machines in the 55 hp category. The machine handles all the cultivation and tillage operation efficiently. It is suitable for the toughest ploughing jobs and hard soil. Soilmaster Cultivator CT-1300 used for deep ploughing in root-infested, sticky, stony, and laborious soils. The machine has 3-best-in-class machines named CT – 900, CT – 1100, and CT – 1300. These all models are made with high technology and forged EN9 tyne, providing productive farming.
A cultivator is the need of farmers nowadays hence it eases their work and ensures increased productivity and profits, saves their time. So if you want to increase the productivity use cultivator for ploughing.
If you have any other questions about cultivator than visit Tractorjunction