Tractor Ploughing is the most common and efficient farming practice. Plough is the most required agricultural equipment since the beginning of Agriculture. The Plough is one of the oldest farming tools with a remarkable revolution. It oriented from the primitive tool to the advanced machinery. This is a convenient method for turning the soil. Previously, farmers did not have the effective tool resembling the Plough we use today until. Oxen are traditionally used to draw Ploughing, but it is fully replaced by the tractor in modern farming. Plough is used to increase the quality and quantity of the yield as Ploughing has a ton of benefits of Tractor Ploughing.
Since the Plough has gone through many changes, let’s talk about Ploughing, its type.
What is Tractor Ploughing in Agriculture?
A Plough is a combination of iron and steel frame with a blade get attach to cut and loosen the soil. Ploughing is a method to loosen or turn the soil before sowing or planting the seed. It performs intentionally to remove horizontal clods from the soil. The clods then will roll over and destroy to bring the soil back, which helps in the passage of organic substances for new crops.
What is the Use of Ploughing?
Usually, Ploughing is done at the end of the harvesting process. Ploughing is a simple but effective farm practice that cuts, granulates, invert the soil, creates furrows, ridges, and moist soil to prepare it for the next crop gradually. Majorly Ploughing is of 4 type depending up to the depth and time of Ploughing,
- Very shallow Ploughing: 10-20 cm (4-8 in)
- Shallow Ploughing: 20-30 cm (8-12 in)
- Pre-sowing Ploughing: 30- 40 cm (12-16 in)
- Undetermined: 40 cm (16 in)
Plough is the vital farming equipment used in effective farming operations. There are several benefit of Ploughing, here are some of them,
- It helps in the restoration of the ideal structure of the soil. Mixing the clods and leaving the space on the surface for the birth of new plants.
- The field will become waterproof and rich in oxygen. The residues of the previous crops brought in-depth by the plough become a source of nutrients for the new plant.
- Rolling up the soil also means destroying the weeds which prevent the growth of the crop. There is strict control over the weeds.
What is Deep Ploughing along with their Benefits
Deep Ploughing means Ploughing to a depth exceeding 12 inches or subsoiling at a depth of 18 inches. This is also known as deep tillage. This method is primarily used to increase crop yield. Soils were normally less responsive to deep tillage than the heavier soils.
Deep Ploughing in autumn tends to dry out the surface of the soil for several weeks. Subsoiling did not cause the surface soil to dry out in the same way. Deep Ploughing provides difficulty in working down to a seedbed, and in a high proportion of fields, the subsoil worked easier than the surface soil.
Generally, there are major four types of plough used in modern farming to ensure the best output result of the field. They are as follows.
It is a wing-shaped that consists of a large curved bottom attached to a frame. Plough slices and inverts a layer of soil leaving a rough soil surface. This digs deep into the earth, cutting a row, turning the earth and aerating the soil all at the same time. It is advisable not to spread fertilizer before ploughing because it will mix with the soil.
This Plough mounted on a large steel disk cuts through the soil turning it over. In some cases, they break furrow slices. Most commonly, disc ploughs comes handy in ploughing of exceptionally hard and sticky ground. They work very well to Plough a field hard stubble left behind the combine.
It consists of double wings which raise the soil into a furrow. It is used for creating ridges for particular crops and works well with cultivating potatoes.
it is generally used till the soil with better disruption. It is used for deeper tillage for loosening and aerating. The chisel Plough doesn’t invert or turn the soil. Chisel Plough might be straight and twisted.
Sub – Soiling Plough:
A Sub – Soiling Plough to a depth of 45- 75 cm and break the ground beneath the hardpan layer without turning soil. This tills and inflates the soil to create drainage. This Ploughs and breaks up the compacted layers of soil without turning over the soil.
Top 5 Equipment for Ploughing
Here are some of the top 5 different Type of Plough in India,
This comes under tillage and has 45 HP – 65 HP implement power. This plough is robust, sturdy and easy to operate. It offers deep penetration and gives you more depth (12-14″). It can cut in-depth up to 305mm and width of cut around 610mm – 915mm.
This is used to cultivate stubble & fallow soil and special wear-resistant steel bottoms. This comes under tillage and has 45 HP – 125 HP implement power. It has a working depth of 250mm – 350mm. It can cut in depth up to 630mm and cut around 610mm – 950mm.
Manufactures with Boron Steel 32 MM Solid Square Bright Bar. This is a type of tillage and has 35 HP – 90 HP implement power. This plough is durable, sturdy and easy to handle. It can cut in-depth up to 550mm and width of cut around 610mm – 1210mm.
This has 40 HP – 90 HP implement power. It comes in two different categories,
Light and Medium Soil: It offers a working depth of up to 10 – 14 inches, and working width varies between 14 – 43.5 inches.
For Hard Soil: It offers a working depth of up to 10 – 12 inches, and the same working width varies between 14 – 43.5 inches.
This John Deere tractors best quality of ploughing machine has 2 furrow and 50 / 2″ solid rods. This has 40 HP – 50 HP implement power. This is a long term investment manufactures with the best quality of the material. It has a working depth of 335mm and width of cut around 660mm.
How Many Hectares Can a Tractor Plough in a Day?
Farmers incline to use a team of about 7 horses or mules when spring ploughing. As farmers often cooperate on ploughing, then teams sometimes change at noon. Using this method, about 10 acres (4.0 hectares) of field could be plough per day in the light soils and about 2 acres (0.81 hectares) in the heavy soils.
How Big Tractor Do I Need for 20 Acres of Land in Plough?
If your property is 20 acres, your tractor should have a minimum of 45 hp. If you want to carry large loads of feed and multiple square bales of hay, Go for a minimum 50 hp engine machine. The work efficiency of the tractor depends upon the engine which it offers. Most tractors fulfil this purpose of Ploughing a large farm easily.
I hope now you get much knowledge about Ploughing. For more information about agriculture, visit TractorJunction.com.
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