HomeAgricultureTop 180+ Agriculture Questions and Answers – Farming FAQ

Top 180+ Agriculture Questions and Answers – Farming FAQ

Top 20 Agriculture Questions and Answers - Farming FAQ

Farming is hugely practised to prepare the ground, sow seeds, and grow plants for food security. Even rearing animals and other living habitats for resources is Farming. While starting or beginning to increase your farming inputs, you must know everything about best agriculture practices, farming equipment, innovations, and more.

If you have any questions about modern farming activities, the latest farming equipment, technical specifications, features, performance or more, this guide is for you.

The following frequently asked questions will help you get answers related to all farming tools, agricultural technologies, and methods. We hope this guide will help you learn improved farming techniques and buy efficient farm machinery.

Frequently Asked Questions About Agriculture, Farming Equipment & More

Q.1 Who invented the first modern tractor?

first modern tractor

Ans. In 1901, the first commercial lightweight petrol tractor was invented by Dan Albone.   

Q.2 Which tractor is best and most powerful?

Ans. There is a vast list of the best and most powerful tractors, including the John Deere 6120 B 4WD, Preet 10049 4WD and others. 

Q.3 What is the use of PTO HP in Tractor?

Ans. The PTO Horsepower signifies the amount of power available to operate various implements. For example, PTO hauls the implements for tillage and sow multiple crops.

Q.4 What is the difference between a Mini and Utility tractor?

Ans. Mini tractors are smaller in size, having 11.1 Hp -36 Hp, ideal for small scale farming and land mowing tasks. Utility tractors are bigger in size, have hp ranging between 40 hp to 100+ hp, ideal for high-end farming tasks.

Q.5 What is HP in a tractor?

Ans. Horsepower or engine horsepower leads to the power an engine produces to conduct various functions of a tractor.

Q.6 What is the torque in a tractor?

Ans. Tractor torque defines the load a tractor can resist when functioning at its maximum engine RPM, which denotes the prime abilities of a tractor.

Q.7 What is the RPM of the tractor?

Ans. RPM stands for tractor engine’s revolutions per minute. RPM between 1300-1500 is ideal for tractors to help them cruise at constant speed and maintain fuel efficiency on field.

Q.8 Which is the top selling tractor in India?

Ans. In 2wd, Mahindra 275 DI TU is a top selling tractor. In 4wd, Mahindra ARJUN NOVO 605 is the most popular tractor.

Q.9 How many types of tractor are used in agriculture?

Ans. Most common tractors used in agriculture are mini tractors, utility tractors, AC cabin tractors, row crop tractors, orchard tractors, implement carrier tractors, 2 WD tractors, 4 WD tractors etc. 

Q.10 What is the HP range in a mini tractor?

HP range in a mini tractor

Ans. Mini Tractor Hp range starts from below 20 Hp and goes up to maximum 30 hp. 

Q.11 What is cc in tractor engine?

Ans.  CC means cubic centimeter that measures the engine displacement or volume of engine i.e. the sum of volume of all cylinders.

Q.12 How do you maintain a tractor?

Ans. Regularly checking the radiator-fluid level, tractor’s oil, tire pressure, air filter helps to maintain a farm tractor.

Q.13 How important is 4 Wheel Drive in tractors?

Ans. 4 Wheel Drive tractors are wider, has less turning resistance, are ideal for power steering system, prevents early wear and tear of tractor.

Q.14 Which tractor is best for 2 acres land?

Ans.   A 15-25 Hp tractor would be sufficient for 2 acres of land.

Q.15 What is the difference between displacement capacity and CC of a farm tractor?

Ans.  There is no difference between the both, as CC is the unit of tractors’ engine displacement.

Q.16 How can I get a Used Tractor in India?

Ans.  You can buy a best used tractor in India with complete details on Tractor Junction.

Q.17 What to check before buying a used tractor?

Ans.  Ensure proper greasing, clutch functioning, no engine oil leakage, and steering lock before buying a used tractor.

Q.18 Why is a three-point hitch important in a farm tractor?

tractor's three-point hitch handles

Ans.   A tractor’s three-point hitch handles the farm implements, which is crucial for farming tasks.

Top Agriculture Questions and Answers:

Q.19 How many different types of farming methods are there in India?

Ans. Organic farming, subsistence farming, commercial farming are popular farming methods used in India. However, depending on geographical conditions, production demand, level of technology and labour, farming can be based on ley farming, horticulture, agroforestry, etc.

Q.20 What are the types of agricultural practices?

Ans. Mixed farming, shifting agriculture, intensive farming, crop rotation, plantation agriculture, arable farming are few popular types of agriculture practices.

Q.21 How many crop seasons are there in India?

Ans. There are three season crops such as Zaid, Rabi, and Kharif in India.

Q.22 What is a Zaid crop with an example?

Ans. They are summer season crops, grown for short periods between March to June.

Q.23 What is the Kharif season?

Ans. The Kharif season in India starts in June and ends in October. 

Q.24 What are Rabi crops with examples?

Ans. Rabi crops are grown in winter between October to November. Barley, Oats, Wheat, Pulses are few examples of Rabi crops.

Q.25 What is modern agriculture?

Ans. Modern agriculture involves use of advanced agricultural technology and farming techniques that reduces costs, increases efficiency and crop yield.

Q.26 What is the difference between agriculture and farming?

Ans. Agriculture is a vast term that involves growing crops and raising animals that provide food and utility resources. It also includes R&D, production, distribution, advanced technology, and more. While farming is part of agriculture that is plant or modern science based, involving cultivating soil to grow crops and rearing animals for their by-products.

Q.27 Who is the richest farmer in India?

richest farmer in India

Ans. Pramod Gautam, Sachin Kale, Harish Dhandev are few top richest farmers in India

Q.28 Who is the father of modern agriculture in India?

Ans. Dr M. S. Swaminathan is the “Father of Modern Agriculture in India.”

Q.29 Why maintaining healthy soil is important?

Ans. A healthy soil is important as it provides essential nutrients, oxygen, water, and root support to crop producing plants. 

Q.30 What are organic pesticides?

Ans. Organic pesticides are derived from botanical and mineral sources. They contain less chemicals and are less threatening than chemical-based pesticides.

Q.31 What are the facts about soil? 

Ans. Soil is a non-renewable resource which can take tons of CO2 (carbon) out of the atmosphere.

Q.32 What are the benefits of organic farming?

Ans. Organic farming prevents the use of pesticides, herbicides and other harmful chemicals. Due to organic farming, plants and insects will survive.

Q.33 Who is the father of organic farming in India?

Ans. Subhash Palekar is the father of organic farming in India.

Q.34 Why is Indian agriculture GDP so low?

Ans. Lack of technology, energy facilities and Irrigation in the rural areas are the reasons for low Indian agricultural GDP.

Q.35 What are the 2 main types of farming?

Ans. Subsistence farming and Commercial farming are the two main types of farming.

We will keep adding more questions and answers to add to your agricultural knowledge and help you buy the best farming equipment. Stay tuned with Tractor Junction blogs.

Q.36 What are the different types of greenhouse?

Ans. Greenhouses are classified according to shape such as raised dome, gable, skillion, flat arch, tunnel, sawtooth.

Q.37 Which state is famous for orchards in India?

famous for orchards in India

Ans. Maharashtra is famous for orchards in India.

Q.38 Which fruit farming is the most profitable in India?

Ans.   Ambarella, Karonda, Targola, Phalsa and many more fruit farms are the most profitable in India.

Q.39 What are the government initiatives in the agriculture sector?

Ans.   The Indian Government started` the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana(PMKSY) and many other schemes for farmers.

Q.40 What are the 5 major problems faced by farmers?

Ans.  The 5 major problems faced by farmers are climate change, soil erosion, biodiversity loss, adopting new techniques and rising food demand.

Q.41 What percentage of GDP is taken up by agriculture?

Ans.  18 percent of India’s GDP is taken up by agriculture.

Q.42 Which crops are grown in the rainy season?

Ans. Kharif crops, also known as monsoon crops are grow in the rainy season such as Rice, Maize, Sorghum, Bajra, Soybean, Cotton, and others.

Q.43 What is Drip irrigation?

Ans.  Drip irrigation is the method of dripping water to the soil at very slow rate about 2-20 liters/hour for efficient supply of water to roots.

Q.44 What is the future of farming?

Ans.   Using robots, aerial images, temperature and moisture sensors, and GPS technology is the future of farming.

Q.45 Which is the most profitable farming in India?

Ans.  Poultry farming, Organic farming, Dairy Farming and others are the most profitable farming in India.

Q.46 What is the lifespan of coconut trees?

Ans.   Coconut trees can survive up to 60-80 years, providing a yield to almost three generations of farmers.

Q.47 What is sericulture?

What is sericulture

Ans.  Sericulture is a process of producing raw silk by breeding, rearing and domesticating caterpillars (larvae).

Q.48 What are the basic needs for farming?

Ans.   Natural resources like air, nutrients, land, water, and sunlight are essential for farming.

Q.49 What are GMO (Genetically modified organisms) seeds?

Ans.  GMO are genetically modified seeds that have been modified to resist herbicides or pests.

Q.50 What is the need of government subsidy in the Indian farming sector?

Ans.  Subsidies help to promote the livelihood of small farmers of India as they are not financially stable.

Other Farming Related FAQs:

Q.51 Why is farming important?

Ans.  World’s largest industry is the agricultural sector as it employs more than one billion people and generates over $1.3 trillion dollars worth of food globally.

Q.52 Which crops are grown in Viticulture?

Ans.  Viticulture is the large scale farming of Grapes.

Q.53 What are the best orchard tractor?

Ans.  Mahindra Yuvraj 215 NXTSonalika DI 30 Baagban SuperJohn Deere 3028 EN are the best orchard tractors.

Q.54 What is orchard farming?

Ans.  Orchard farming is known as a fruit garden where you can grow trees and shrubs. Also, its purpose is commercial. 

Q.55 Which is the best tractor for paddy farming?

Ans. John Deere 5050 D, New Holland 4710 Turbo Super, and Sonalika RX 42 Mahabali are some of the trusted models, perfect for paddy fields.

Q.56 Which farm implement gets used for land preparation?

Ans. subsoiler, post hole digger, rotavator, Disc Plough are mainly used for land preparation.

Q.57 Which tractor is best for potato farming?

best tractor for potato farming

Ans.   Swaraj 744 FE Potato Xpert, Farmtrac 45 Potato Smart tractors are best for potato farming.

Q.58 What equipment can we use in Groundnut farming?

Ans.  We can use the Khedut Tractor Operated Groundnut Digger in groundnut farming.

Q.59 What is the use of a potato planter?

Ans. Potato planter is a farm equipment used for sowing potatoes.

Q.60 Which are the popular rice transplanters?

Ans. Yanmar VP6D, Mahindra Rice Transplanter MP-46 and others are the popular rice transplanters.

Q.61 Why is agriculture important?

Ans. Agriculture is not only a source of production but also it includes distribution and promotion of produced material. Moreover, it contributes to national revenue.

Q.62 What do farmers keep in mind while growing their crops?

Ans.  For growing crops they make sure soil, weather condition, cultivation knowledge and natural requirements like water, air, electricity, and others.

Q.63 What is dual PTO in a tractor?

Ans.   When a PTO can run on 540 RPM and 1000 RPM both, then it is called dual PTO.

Q.64 How frequent should you service your tractor?

Ans.   Tractor manufacturers recommend servicing the engine after every 100 hours, and transmission after every 300 hours.

Q.65 What is wheelbase in a tractor?

Ans.  Wheelbase refers to horizontal distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels in a tractor.

Q.66 What is clutch in tractor?

Ans.   Clutch in a tractor is a device used to engage & disengage tractor engine with drive wheels and transmission gears.

Q.67 Why tractor front wheel is smaller?

Why tractor front wheel is smaller

Ans.  Smaller wheels at front have maximum and sharp turning radius that helps cover great distance in the field during different tasks like sowing, harvesting, and ploughing.

Q.68 What is Ploughing?

Ans.  Ploughing is the process of tossing the uppersoil to bring fresh nutrients to the surface. The process also helps bury crops remains and weed.

Q.69 What is threshing?

Ans.  Threshing is the process of separating edible part of grains from chaff or straw.

Q.70 What is seed drill machine?


Ans.   Seed drill machine is a farm implement that is used to sow seeds for crops in soil at specific depth and distance.

Q.71  What is a tractor cultivator?

Ans.    Tractor cultivator is a farm implement used for tillage, land preparation for further planting and sowing seeds.

Q.72  Which implement can we use for tilling soil?

Ans.    Tilling soil plough and cultivator is used as they make farming task easy.

Q.73  Which are the best tractors under 5 lakh rupees in India?

Ans.    Mahindra 265 DISonalika DI 734 (S1) and  Force ORCHARD DELUXE are the top-class tractors under 5 lakh rupees in India.

Q.74  Which is the puddling special tractor?

Ans.    John Deere 5050DNew Holland 4710 Paddy SpecialSonalika RX 42 Mahabali are few top puddling special tractors.

Q.75  What is dryland farming?

Ans.    Dryland farming is a method of crop production in area where rainfall is less than 500mm.

Q.76  What is biodynamic farming?

Ans.    Biodynamic farming is crop production based on astronomical activities such as lunar cycles and also easy availability of locally-sourced materials.

Q.77  Which are famous Indian women farmers in India?

famous Indian women farmers in India

Ans. Bhavana Nilkanth Nikam, Binita Kumari, Doma Lachenpa are famous women farmers in India.

Q.78  Which are the best tractors under 7 lakhs in India?

Ans.    Massey Ferguson 245 DI, Swaraj 744 FE, Swaraj 735 FE and others are the best tractors under 7 lakhs in India.

Q.79  What is pearl farming?

Ans.  Pearl farming is a method of cultivating freshwater cultivated pearls on the farm. For nearly 2-5 years, growers nucleate and take care of oysters to generate a pearl.

Q.80  Which soil is most suitable for agriculture?

Ans.  Different soil types are found with unique physical, chemical and biological aspects. For example, alluvial soil is believed to be the most fertile soil with potassium and is appropriate for crops like sugarcane, paddy and others.

Q.81  Which Mobile app is best to know mandi price?

Ans.  Tractor Junction mobile app is best because it provides accurate mandi price.

Q.82  Which are the 5 most profitable crops in India?

Ans.  Rice, Wheat, Pulses, Maize, Jute are the most profitable crops in India.

Q.83  What are two types of PTO?

Ans.  There are two types of PTO —  independent and a live PTO. An independent PTO can turn on even when an operator stops the tractor. While a live PTO is live if the tractor is moving, and if tractor stops, live PTO will also stop.

Q.84  What percentage of India is farmers?

Ans.  Around 70% of the Indian rural population is dependent on agriculture.

Q.85 Which food does India export the most?

Ans.   Rice is the most exported agricultural product from India.

Q.86 How many types of Honey Bees are there?

Ans.  Indian Hive Bees, Rock Bees, Little Bees, European & Italian Bees, Dammer Bee or Stingless Bee are the different types of honey bees.

Q.87 Which crops grow in winter season in India?

winter season crops in India

Ans.  Beetroot, Broccoli, Brussel Sprouts, Cabbage, and other crops grow in winter season in India.

Q.88 What are 5 examples of technologies used in agriculture?

Ans.  Moisture and temperature sensors, robots, GPS technology and aerial images are the 5 examples of technologies used in agriculture.

Q.89 What is IoT in agriculture?

Ans.  IoT is a smart farming solution for monitoring crops with sensors and automating the irrigation system.

Q.90 What do farmers need to grow a crop?

Ans.  Farmers need fertile soil, seed and planting material, and farming machinery and equipment to grow a crop.

Q.91 What are the top careers in Agriculture?

Ans.  Farmer, agriculture engineer, farm manager, agricultural salesperson are few top careers in agriculture.

Q.92 Which are the top agricultural apps for farmers?

Top 10 Agricultural Apps for Smart Farming

Ans.  Tractor Junction app, Krish-e, Kheti Badi are few popular apps for agriculture in India.

Q.93 What is Hydrostatic Transmission?

Ans. Hydrostatic transmission runs by hydraulic fluid that allows seamless adjustment of tractor speed without shifting gears. This transmission type makes tractor easy to drive and control.

Q.94 What is a front-end loader?

Ans. An attachment with a heavy-duty bucket, located usually at the front. The loader is easy to lower, raise, and adjust for the purpose of handling and transporting various farm materials.

Q.95 What is a drawbar in a tractor?

Ans. Tractor drawbar is a removable thick metal bar, which acts as a hitch to pull farming implements and attachments.

Q.96 Is Kiwi farming profitable in India?

Kiwi Fruit Farming in India

Ans. Yes, Kiwi cultivation is profitable in India. The kiwi farming profit can go up to Rs 16,29,000.

Q.97 How many types of crops are there?

Ans.  Crops are of 6 different types which includes food crops, feed crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, industrial crops, fiber crops.

Q.98 Why is there a significant difference between rated engine power and take-off power?

Ans.  It happens due to the loss of power. This loss of power happens due following five constraints:

  • Clogged fuel filter
  • Clogged exhaust Pipe
  • Dirty Air filter
  • A malfunctioning air-fuel mixture and or
  • Friction in machine parts

Q.99 Why do liquid-cooled tractor engines operate for longer hours as compared to water-cooled?

Ans.  The reason behind this is liquid coolants used, have high specific heat capacity as compared to water. Henceforth, they can absorb more heat radiating from the engine, making the tractor operable for longer hours.

Q.100 Why are powerful tractors more aerodynamically stable?

Ans.   In order to maintain the tractor’s stability while the tractor is in motion, powerful tractors are more aerodynamically stable.

Q.101 Which are the top pulse-producing states in India?

Ans.  Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka are few leading pulse producing states in India.

top pulse-producing states in India

Q.102 Which are the leading coffee producing states in India?

Ans.  Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu are the leading states for coffee production in India.

Q.103 What is pristine in a tractor?

Ans.  Pristine is a moving component that resides in a cylinder and comes with gas-tight piston rings. Its motive in the engine is to carry force from expanding gas in the cylinder to the crankshaft via a piston or connecting rod.

Q.104 What is transmission in tractor?

Ans.  Transmission is a speed reducing mechanism which is equipped with several gears. It is a series of shafts & gears with which the engine power is transmitted to the tractor wheels.

Q.105 What is the purpose of tractor implement?

Ans.  Tractor implements are attached & towed behind the tractor, which can be used for different purposes like tillage, sowing, seed drilling, landscaping, fertilization, harvesting, etc.

Q.106 What is the average price of a used tractor in India?

Ans.  The price of a used tractor depends on the tractor model and its initial on-road tractor price. However, farmers can expect to get resale value starting from Rs. 2.5 lakhs in India.

Q.107 What is the benefit of potato planter?

Ans.  The potato planter facilitates the sowing, planting, and fertilizing of the potato field.

Q.108 Which are the popular potato planters in India?

Ans.  Captain Potato Planter, Mahindra Potato Planter and others are the popular potato planters in India.

Q.109 What are some of the best power tillers in India?

Ans.  Some of the best power tillers in India are VST 130 DI, VST Kisan, VST Shakti 165 DI Power Plus, Shrachi SF 15 DI, Greaves Cotton GS 15 DIL, & Kmw By Kirloskar Mega T 15.

Q.110 What are some tractor trolley usages?

Ans.  Tractor trolleys are used as quick transporters of agricultural planned and unplanned seeds, yields, harvests, fertilizers, etc. as per farmer’s needs. These are preferred over commercial transporters as they have both on-road and off-road capabilities.

Q.111 How to calculate old tractor value?

Ans.  Tractor Junction offers a used tractor valuation tool, where you just have to mention details like brand, model, state, ownership type, manufacture year, tyre condition, and upon submitting you will get quick estimates.

How to calculate old tractor value

Q.112 What is tractor mounted sprayer used for?

Ans.  Tractor mounted sprayer is used for applying water, crop performance materials, weed killers, pesticides, fertilisers, herbicides on farm crops.

Q.113 How much is the agriculture drone price in India?

Ans.  The agriculture drone price in India starts from Rs. 4-5 lakh and for high technology ones, the price can go upto Rs. 8-10 lakhs.

Q.114 Which parts of India are more prone to soil erosion?

Ans.  Parts of Meghalaya and Assam are prone to rain-driven soil erosion in India.

Q.115 What is a tractor subsidy?

Ans. Govt. of India offers a provision of subsidy over new tractors for promoting the mechanisation component of the Macro-Management Scheme of Agriculture. The scheme is open to all categories of farmers and follows a general subsidy pattern.

Q.116 How to ensure tractor safety?

Ans.  To ensure tractor safety, make sure it has roll-over protective structures (ROPS), appropriate guards, falling-object protective structures (FOPS), adequate ventilation and a cabin or at least scope to add one.

Q.117 Which are the best tractor tyre brands in India?

Ans.  Apollo, Birla Tyres, BKT, CEAT, JK Tyres, MRF, Good Year are few renowned tractor tyre brands known for reliable and safest products.

Q.118 What are the uses of threshers?

Ans.  Tractor threshers are farming machines useful for separating crops such as peas, wheat, soybeans, and small grain & seed crops from their chaff and straw.

Q.119 Which was the first Indian-made tractor?

Ans. The first Indian-made tractor was the HMT Zetor 3511, which was manufactured by HMT (Hindustan Machine Tools) in Bangalore in the 1970s.

Q.120 What are agricultural drones?

Ans.  An agriculture drone is an advanced aerial vehicle used in various farming operations, mainly in crop production and crop growth.

Q.121 Where to sell used farm implements online?

Ans.  Tractor Junction offers an easy platform to sell used farm implements in good condition from any brand.

Q.122 Which are top three tractors of Massey Ferguson?

Ans.  Massey Ferguson 241 DI MAHA SHAKTI, Massey Ferguson 7250 Power Up and Massey Ferguson 241 DI DYNATRACK are popular tractor models of Massey Ferguson.

Q.123 How much is the price of mini tractors in India?

Ans. The mini tractor price range starts from Rs. 1.75 Lakh to Rs. 8.70 Lakh in India.

Q.124 What are some profitable rural business ideas?

Ans.  Retail store, poultry farming, agricultural machinery on rent, dairy farming are few profitable rural business ideas.

Q.125 What is the use of chaff cutter?

Ans.  A chaff cutter is a mechanical farming implement which is used for cutting straw or hay into small pieces. This is for better mixing before feeding it to cattle and horses as forage.

Q.126 What is the use of spray pump?

Ans.  A spray pump is a device that is used to spray liquid such as water, weed killers, crop performance materials, pest maintenance chemicals, etc.

Q.127 What is a super seeder machine?

Ans.  Super seeder machine is the combination of seed planter and rotary tiller with press wheels. It helps sow wide variety of crops like wheat, soybean & grass.

Q.128 What is the shelf life of tractor?

Ans.  A tractor’s average shelf life is 4,000 hours. Some tractor models can even last up to 10,000 hours of work.

Q.129 What are controls on a tractor?

Ans.  The controls over a tractor are the clutch, steering, brakes, fuel shutoff, throttle, engine start, and transmission gear selection.

Q.130 What is the most important part of a tractor?

Ans.  The engine is the most important part that provides power to tractor components. The power produced in the engine is transferred to the wheels and PTO by the transmission parts.

Q.131 What is the ideal climate to grow almonds in India?

What is the ideal climate to grow almonds in India?

Ans. Almonds cultivation needs slightly hot summer temperature between 30 C – 35 C and cool winters for kernel filling and plant growth.

Q.132 What type of soil is best for growing strawberries?

Ans. Well-drained, sandy loam soil with a pH range of 6-6.5 is best for growing strawberries in India.

Q.133 What is the use of a Disc Plough?

Ans.  The disc plough is used to work in various sorts of soil for tasks including breaking, rising, turning, and mixing the soil.

Q.134 What is a disc harrow?

Ans.  A disc harrow is a farm implement that digs deeply and has a row of concave metal discs for cutting edges. Its use is to till the soil and remove any unwanted plants or bushes.

Q.135 What are the main types of fruit trees grown in orchards in India?

Ans. The main types of fruit trees grown in orchards in India include mango, banana, citrus, guava, and apple.

Q.136 What are the major challenges faced by orchard farmers in India?

Ans. Some major challenges faced by orchard farmers in India include pests and diseases, lack of access to good quality planting material, and lack of access to proper irrigation facilities.

Q.137 How is orchard farming typically organized in India?

Ans. Orchard farming in India is typically organized through small to medium-sized farms, with farmers often cultivating various fruit trees.

Q.138 What strategies do orchard farmers in India use to improve the productivity and profitability of their operations?

Ans. Some strategies used by orchard farmers in India to improve productivity and profitability include adopting modern irrigation techniques, implementing integrated pest management practices, and adopting good farming practices such as pruning and training.

Q.139 What are exotic fruits?

What are exotic fruits

Ans. Exotic fruits or foreign fruits in India are a popular variety of fruits that grows in a distant foreign land and have unusual appearances.

Q.140 Which is the leading tea producing state in India?

Ans.  Assam is the largest tea producing state in India.

Q.141 What is smallholder farming?

Ans. Smallholder farming refers to agriculture on a small scale, typically by a family or individual who owns or rents a small piece of land.

Q.142 Where does smallholder farming occur?

Ans.  Smallholder farming occurs in many countries worldwide, particularly in developing countries where most of the population is rural.

Q.143 What are the challenges faced by smallholder farmers?

Ans.  Smallholder farmers often face challenges such as limited access to credit, markets, and modern technology, unpredictable weather conditions and pests and diseases.

Q.144 What are the opportunities for smallholder farmers?

Ans. Smallholder farmers may have opportunities to improve their livelihoods through initiatives such as sustainable agriculture practices, cooperatives, and partnerships with the private sector.

Q.145 How important is smallholder farming?

How important is smallholder farming?

Ans. Smallholder farming is important for many reasons, including its contribution to food security and economic development and its role in supporting the livelihoods of millions of farmers and their families.

Q.146 What can be done to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture?

Ans. One approach is to adopt practices that increase soil carbon sequestration, such as reducing tillage, planting cover crops, and incorporating animal manure into the soil.

Q.147 How can we adapt agriculture to the impacts of climate change?

Ans. One strategy is to diversify crops and breeds and implement irrigation and water conservation measures to mitigate the effects of drought.

Q.148 What is the importance of rice farming in India?

Ans. Rice is a major staple food in India and plays a vital role in the country’s economy and food security.

Q.149 How has technology impacted rice farming in India?

Ans. Technology has the potential to improve the efficiency and productivity of Indian rice farming significantly, but the adoption of these technologies has been slow due to various challenges.

Q.150 What are the most popular harvesters in India?

Ans. The most popular harvesters in India are the Kubota harvester, Mahindra harvester, and John Deere harvester.

Q.151 What is a Subsoiler?

Ans. Subsoiler is a tractor-mounted implement used for deep tilling in the soil. Its use is beneficial to improve crop growth where soil compaction is an issue.

Q.152 Why is a combine harvester beneficial for farmers?

Ans. Combine harvester is beneficial for farmers as they are self-propelled, which can efficiently get more work done.

Q.153 What is terrace farming?

Ans. Terrace farming is the process of cultivating crops over mountains. It is done by making flat lands on the sides of the hill.

Q.154 What is the best time to plant strawberries in India?

Ans. The best time to plant strawberries in India is during the winter months, from December to February.

Q.155 What are the common diseases and pests that affect strawberry plants?

Ans. The common diseases and pests that affect strawberry plants in India are powdery mildew, verticillium wilt and aphids.

Q.156 What are hop shoots?

What are hop shoots?

Ans.  Hops shoots are cone-shaped, green-coloured female hop plants flowers. Hops shoots’ stems, fruit, and blossoms is uses to prepare beverages such as beer, antibiotics, and other medicines.

Q.157 How often should strawberries be watered?

Ans. Strawberries should be watered regularly and deeply, about once a week or as needed, depending on weather conditions.

Q.158 What are the ideal temperature and humidity conditions for strawberry farming?

Ans. The ideal temperature range for strawberry farming in India is between 15-20 degrees Celsius and humidity levels should be kept between 60-70%.

Q.159 Which is the first tractor in India?

Ans. The first tractor in India was the Fordson F, imported from the United States in the 1920s.

Q.160 Which documents are required for a personal loan in India?

Ans. To get a personal loan in India, you will need a photo, identity proof, address proof, income proof and a bank statement.

Q.161 Which 5 trees are most profitable for farmers in India?

Ans. Teak trees, pot trees, white trees, mahogany trees, and sandalwood trees are the most profitable trees in India

Q.162 What is the price of a red banana in India?

Ans. Red bananas cost between Rs 50-100 per kilo in India.

Q.163 Which are the 5 best tractor companies in the world?

Ans. Mahindra & Mahindra, John Deere, Massey Ferguson, Case IH & Sonalika are leading tractor companies worldwide.

Q.164 How much is the yield for green apples per acre?

Ans. The average yield for green apples is 5 tonnes per acre.

Q.165 What is smart farming in India?

Ans. Smart farming refers to the use of technology to improve crop yield and technology to improve efficiency and reduce environmental impact in agriculture.

Q.166 What kind of soil is suitable for lavender cultivation?

Ans. Light yet well-aerated soil rich in organic matter and a ph ranging between 7-8 is ideal for lavender cultivation in India.

Q.167 Which climate is suitable for black pepper cultivation?

Ans. Black pepper grows in tropical hot & humid conditions. Moreover, the suitable temperature is between 10-40 degree celsius, with an annual rainfall of 200cm.

Q.168 Which are the top 3 Valdo tractors in India?

Ans. Valdo 950- SDI, Valdo 945 SDI, and Valdo 939-SDI are popular Valdo tractors in India.

Q.169 Which states are the leading producer of millet in India?

Ans. Punjab, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, UP, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu are popular Pearl millet or bajra-producing states in India.

Q.170 What is the ideal soil for tomato farming?

Ans. A well-drained loamy soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0 is ideal for tomato farming.

Q.171 What type of light is best for tomatoes?

Ans. Tomatoes thrive in full sun, which means at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day.

Q.172 How often should tomatoes be watered?

Ans. A well-drained loamy soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0 is ideal for tomato farming.

Q.173 What type of fertiliser is best for tomato plants?

Ans. Tomatoes benefit from a balanced organic fertiliser, such as compost or a blend of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium.

Q.174 What are the common pests and diseases affecting tomatoes?

Ans. Common pests affecting tomatoes include aphids, tomato fruit worms, and cutworms, while diseases include late blight, early blight, and verticillium wilt. Effective pest and disease management practices are crucial for a successful tomato crop.

Q.175 What is contour farming?

Ans. Contour farming is a farming technique that involves ploughing and planting crops along the contour lines of a sloping field.

Q.176 What are the benefits of contour farming?

Ans. Contour farming helps to reduce soil erosion, conserve water, and increase crop yields.

Q.177 How does contour farming prevent soil erosion?

Ans. Contour farming slows down the water flow, allowing it to soak into the soil instead of carrying it away, reducing soil erosion.

Q.178 What crops are suitable for contour farming?

Ans. Almost any crop can be grown using contour farming, but it’s particularly well-suited for crops that require more water, such as vegetables and fruits.

Q.179 What are some of the challenges associated with contour farming?

Ans. Contour farming requires careful planning and management and can be challenging in areas with steep slopes, limited water availability, and difficult soil conditions.

Q.180 What is regenerative agriculture?

Ans. Regenerative agriculture is a conservation and rehabilitation approach to food and farming systems. It focuses on topsoil regeneration, increasing biodiversity, improving the water cycle.

Q.181 What are some practices of regenerative agriculture?

Ans. Some practices of regenerative agriculture include recycling farm waste, composting, no-till or reduced tillage, crop rotation, cover cropping, mulching, agroforestry, permaculture, holistic management, and integrated pest management.

Q.182 How does regenerative agriculture help mitigate climate change?

Ans. Regenerative agriculture helps mitigate climate change by sequestering more carbon dioxide in the soil than conventional agriculture. This reduces the number of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and enhances soil fertility.

Q.183 What are some benefits of regenerative agriculture for farmers and consumers?

Ans. Some benefits of regenerative agriculture for farmers and consumers are: higher crop yields and quality, lower input costs and risks, improved water retention and availability, increased biodiversity and ecosystem services, enhanced food security and nutrition, and more resilience to extreme weather and pests.

Q.184 What are some challenges of adopting regenerative agriculture?

Ans. Some challenges of adopting regenerative agriculture are: lack of awareness and knowledge among farmers and consumers, lack of incentives and policies to support the transition, lack of markets and infrastructure for regenerative products, lack of research and innovation to address specific contexts and needs, and resistance from vested interests in the conventional agricultural system

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